AMERICA AND ASIA
2015/2016, Semester 1
Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy (Lee Kuan Yew School Of Public Policy)
Modular Credits: 4
What are America’s interests in Asia? How has it gone about pursuing them and with what degree of success? The course explores these questions by examining U.S. perceptions of, and responses to, challenges in Asia since 1945. We will focus on the wars fought by America in Asia, the regimes it fostered, the economic/military institutions it built, and relate these activities to America’s conceptions of its interests and its role as a great power. The approach of the course will be chronological and historical, with special focus on the most fateful episodes of America’s engagement with Asia.
Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy
National University of Singapore
PP 5160: America and Asia
AY 2015-2016, Semester 1
What are America’s interests in Asia? How has it gone about pursuing them over time and with what degree of success? The course explores these questions by examining U.S. perceptions of, and responses to, challenges in Asia since 1945. We will focus on the wars fought and avoided by America in Asia, the regimes it fostered, the economic and military institutions it built, and relate these activities to America’s conceptions of its interests and its role as a great (and Asian Pacific) power. The approach of the course will be chronological and historical, with special focus on the most fateful episodes of America’s engagement with Asia.
This course seeks to enable students to:
1. Achieve an understanding of America’s interests in Asia, and how it has gone about defining and securing them. This would include an appreciation of the salience of developments beyond Asia impacting on the United States’ conception of its interests and roles.
2. Obtain a grasp of the key episodes of United States foreign policy—from interest definition to policymaking to policy implementation—wih respect to Asia.
3. Develop skills for assessing success and failure in the pursuit of a state’s national interest.
4. Develop critical reading, writing, and analytical skills.
1. A short (1500-2000 words) paper assessing the readings of any given week, weeks 1-6. (20%)
2. Class participation (10%).
3. Designated Presentation (20%).
4. A term paper (4000-5000 words) dealing with one aspect of U.S. foreign policy toward Asia, chosen in consultation with the instructor (50%).
Plagiarism and academic honesty:
The LKY School’s Academic Code of Conduct lists academic integrity as one of six important values. According to this Code, we have agreed to ‘make every effort to understand what counts as plagiarism and why this is wrong’.
Plagiarism is “The unattributed use of a source of information that is not considered common knowledge. In general, the following acts are considered plagiarism: (1) failing to cite quotations or borrowed ideas, (2) failing to enclose borrowed language in quotation marks, (3) failing to put summaries or paraphrases in your own words, and (4) submitting someone else’s work as your own.”
.) To avoid giving the impression that you are passing off other people’s work as your own, you will need to acknowledge conscientiously the sources of information, ideas, and arguments used in your paper. For this purpose, you can use any well accepted footnoting/referencing style.
All written submissions will be checked with turnitin.com for possible plagiarism.
Reading List (*
one or two books that you may want to purchase)
Week 1: Shopping Week Introduction
Week 2: The Shifting Context of US-Asia Relations
John Mearsheimer, “The Gathering Storm: China’s Challenge to US Power in Asia,” The Chinese Journal of International Politics (CJIP), 3:4, Winter 2010, pp. 381-96.
Barry Buzan and Michael Cox, “China and the US: Comparable Cases of ‘Peaceful Rise’? CJIP, 6:2 Summer 2013, pp. 109-132.
Week 3: The rising power: 1898-1945
*George F. Kennan, American Diplomacy 1900-1950 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012 or 1985), Part I, Chs I-VI.
Frank Ninkovich, The Wilsonian Century: U.S. Foreign Policy since 1900 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999), pp. 1-47, 281-292.
The U.S. and Asia during the Cold War
Week 4: The Chinese Civil War
Warren I Cohen, America’s Response to China: A History of Sino-American Relations (New York: Columbia University Press, 1990), Chs 6-7, pp. 135-194.
Yuen Foong Khong, “The United States and East Asia: Challenges to the Balance of Power,” in Ngaire Woods (ed.), Explaining International Relations since 1945 (Oxford: Oxford University Press), pp. 179-196.
Week 5: The Korean War
Robert McMahon, “Credibility and World Power: Exploring the Psychological Dimension in Postwar American Diplomacy”, Diplomatic History, 15:4, 1991, pp. 455-472.
Ernest May, “Lessons “ of the Past: The Use and Misuse of History in American Foreign Policy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1973), Ch. III, pp. 52-86.
Jack Snyder, Myths of Empire: Domestic Politics and International Ambition (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1991), Ch. 7, pp. 255-304.
Week 6: The Vietnam War
John Lewis Gaddis, Strategies of Containment (New York: Oxford University Press, 1982), pp. 237-273, 350-357.[Do not use 2000 edition]
Yuen Foong Khong, Analogies at War: Korea, Munich, Dien Bien Phu, and the Vietnam Decisions of 1965 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992), Chs. 5 and 9, pp. 97-147, 251-263.
Week 7: The India-Pakistan War of 1971
Gary Bass, The Blood Telegram: Nixon, Kissinger, and a Forgotten Genocide (New York: Alfred Knopf, 2013), pages TBC.
Sumit Ganguly, “Pakistan’s Forgotten Genocide—A Review Essay,” International Security, 39:2, Fall 2014, pp. 169-180.
The U.S. and Post-Cold War Asia
Week 8: The End of the Cold War and Asia
James Fallows, "Containing Japan." Atlantic Monthly 263.5 (1989): 40-62.
Richard Betts, “Wealth, Power, and Instability: East Asia and the United States after the Cold War,” International Security, 18:3, Winter 1993/94, pp. 34-77.
Buzan, Barry, and Gerald Segal. "Rethinking East Asian Security." Survival 36.2 (1994): 3-21.
Muthiah Alagappa, “Introduction: Predictability and Stability Despite Challenges,” in M. Alagappa (ed.), Asian Security Order: Instrumental and Normative Features (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2003), pp.1-32.
Week 9: The U.S. Pivot and the Rise of China
*Hugh White, The China Choice: Why America Should Share Power (Victoria, Australia: Black, Inc., 2012), Chs. 1-5, 10.
Kenneth Lieberthal and Wang Jisi, Addressing U.S.-China Strategic Distrust (Washington D.C., Brookings Institution, March 2012).
Yan Xuetong, “The Instability of China-US Relations,” The Chinese Journal of International Politics, 3:3, Autumn 2010, pp. 263-292.
Adam P. Liff and G. John Ikenberry, “Racing toward Tragedy? China’s Rise, Military Competition in the Asia Pacific, and the Security Dilemma,” International Security, 39:2, Fall 2014, pp. 52-91.
Setting the Rules of the Game: Security & Economic Institutions
Week 10: Military Alliances
Philip Zelikow, “American Engagement in Asia” in Robert Blackwill and Paul Dibb (eds.), America’s Asian Alliances (MIT Press, 2000), pp. 19-30, plus any Chapter on an alliance of your choice.
Christopher Hemmer, and Peter J. Katzenstein. "Why is there no NATO in Asia? Collective identity, regionalism, and the origins of multilateralism." International Organization 56:3 (2002): 575-607.
Stephen Walt, Origins of Alliances (Cornell, 1987), Chap. 2, pp. 17-49.
Dipankar Banerjee, “An overview of Indo-US strategic cooperation: a rollercoaster of a relationship,” in Sumit Ganguly, et. al., U.S.-Indian Strategic Cooperation into the 21
Century (London: Routledge, 2006), pp. 61-81.
Week 11: Free Market Capitalism and Public Goods
Christopher Layne, The Peace of Illusions: American Grand Strategy from 1940 to the Present (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2006), pp. 25-38.
Xinyuan Dai, “Who decides the rules of game in East Asia? The Trans-Pacific Partnership and the strategic use of international institutions,” International Relations of the Asia Pacific, 15:1, 2015, pp. 1-26.
John Ikenberry, Liberal Leviathan: The Origins, Crisis, and Transformation of the American World Order (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2011), Ch. 5, pp. 159-219.
Richard Maas, et. al. “Correspondence: The Profitability of Primacy,”
38:4 (Spring 2014), pp. 188–205
Week 12: The Sources of U.S. National Interests
Samuel P. Huntington, "The erosion of American national interests." Foreign Affairs (1997): 28-49.
Condoleezza Rice, "Promoting the national interest." Foreign Affairs. 79:1, (2000): 45-62.
Samuel P. Huntington, Who are we? The challenges to America's national identity (New York: Simon and Schuster, 2004), Chaps 2 and 10.
Kishore Mahbubani, The Great Convergence: Asia, the West, and the Logic of One World (New York: Public Affairs), Chap 5, pp. 145-194.
Week 13: Finale: Characterizing America
Chalmers Johnson, Blowback: the Costs and Consequences of American Empire (New York: Henry Holt, 2000), Ch. 1, pp. 3-33.
Andrew Hurrell, “Pax Americana or the empire of insecurity?” International Relations of the Asia Pacific, 5, 2005, pp. 153-176.
Yuen Foong Khong, “The American Tributary System,” CJIP, 6:1, 2013, pp. 1-47.
Workload Components : A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week