|Speaker: Assoc Prof Rob Van Dam
Title: Nutrition, obesity and cardiovascular disease
Short Synopsis: What we eat and drink can affect our health in many ways. A lack of essential nutrients (vitamins, minerals, selected fatty acids and amino acids) can lead to severe deficiency diseases and low energy or protein intake can lead to malnutrition. Excess energy intake, 'overeating', can also lead to ill health: accumulation of too much body fat can interfere with normal metabolism and contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and certain types of cancer. In terms of public health interventions, it is increasingly realized than only educational initiatives have limited impact on improving lifestyles. An approach where healthier choices become easy or even default choices by changing the food and physical activity environmental is also warranted. This lecture will be an opportunity to engage students in a discussion on novel policies and interventions to improve dietary intakes of the population and contain the future burden of chronic diseases.
1. To know about the global prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases and how economic transitions are typically accompanied by epidemiological and dietary transitions.
2. To have a basic understanding about the ways that dietary intakes can affect the development of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases
3. To reflect on determinants of dietary intakes in the populations and a diversity of intervention and policy initiatives that can improve dietary intakes and reduce the incidence of chronic diseases.
|Speaker: Assoc Prof Chia Sin Eng
Title: Work and Health
Short Synopsis: Work may have an adverse impact on the health status of an individual; the health status of an individual may also have an impact on his or her work.
1. An introduction on the interactions between work and health
2. Highlight various workplace hazards by categories (viz. safety, physical, chemical, biological, ergonomic and psychosocial)
|Speaker: Assoc Prof Gerald Koh
Title: Singapore's Ageing Society and Its Implications on Our Healthcare System
Short synopsis: This seminar will focus on the demographics of aging internationally and in Singapore, and its implications to public health.
1. To describe the global and local phenomenon of ageing
2. To understand how ageing affects public health
|Speaker: Assoc Prof Alex Cook
Title: Controlling dengue in Singapore
Short synopsis: Dengue is a vector borne disease that is endemic to Singapore and that has large health and economic impacts on the country. Unlike influenza or many other viruses, dengue is in a sense easier to control, because without the mosquito, there can be no transmission of the virus, and as a result, Singapore invests a lot in vector control. Despite this, the virus continues to circulate. In this class, we will look at the epidemiology of dengue in Singapore and consider what are the factors that prevent us from eliminating dengue.
At the end of the class, students should have a good understanding of the basic epidemiology of dengue, methods we are using to prevent dengue transmission, and new methods of vector control that are being developed.
Speaker: Assoc Prof Sri Chander
Title: Maternal and Child Health
Investing in the health of women and children is critical for every nation’s development. The countdown to meet the global Millennium Developments goals for child and maternal mortality reduction is less than a year away—end 2015. What is the current state of progress? We will discuss the main challenges and critical program gaps encountering women, children, providers, and policymakers in some of the world's most vulnerable communities. How can the global community’s collective commitment ensure that more children live past their fifth birthday and fewer women die or suffer complications during pregnancy and childbirth? We will learn how a life course perspective can be applied to gain a critical understanding of maternal and child health issues.
1. To discuss the causes and trends of new born, infant, child, adolescent and maternal deaths and illnesses
2. To understand key factors (gender, behavioural, socio-cultural, economic, geographic & policy, etc) influencing their vulnerability to disease and /or death
3. To describe and critically evaluate responses to mitigate these preventable deaths and illnesses
|Speaker: Assoc Prof Norbert Ludwig Wagner
Title: The Health of Workers – how our tastes shape the health of people globally
People have to work to sustain themselves and to create a future for their families. Work therefore shapes our life and the life of others. Through the globalization of production, trade and consumption the health of millions of people around the globe are connected and determined. We will look at working conditions in the formal and informal sector, the risks and chances work creates for a healthy life and how our own tastes and fashions shape the fate of people in other continents.
1. Name major diseases and occupational risks that contribute to the current global burden of disease through work
2. Identify examples how consumption patterns in one part of the world influence living conditions in other parts of the world and potentially contribute to health inequalities
3. Discuss social and working conditions of the informal sector of economy
|Speaker: Assoc Prof Wong Mee Lian
Title: HIV prevention education in Singapore: Challenges for the future
This seminar will focus on a critical review of HIV treatment and prevention education in Singapore. Some of the latest developments in HIV prevention will also be discussed such as using treatment as prevention (TasP).
1. To have a basic understanding of public health communication on sensitive topics
2. To appreciate the need for social and behavioral interventions
3. To appreciate the social stigma and ethical issues in HIV treatment and prevention
|Speaker: Prof Ong Choon Nam
Title: Forest Fires, Climate Change & Singapore: Challenges, Opportunities, Partnerships.
This lecture cum seminar will focus on the interactions on environment sustainability for Singapore and the region and how it will affect public health. Some of the recent development and topical issues such as forest fires, haze and climate change on public health will also be discussed.
Objectives of Seminar:
Have a basic understanding of
1. What are the major environmental factors that will affect public health in Singapore and the region?
2. Why a sustainable environment is critical to public health?
3. What are the main challenges to maintain a sustainable environment?
4. How can we have a sustainable environment?
|Speaker: Adjunct Assoc Prof Mythily Subramaniam
Title: Facts and Myths about Depression
Major depressive disorder (MDD) was the most prevalent mental health condition as established by the Singapore Mental Health Study 2010. The World Health Organization ranks major depressive disorder (MDD) as the 4th leading cause of disability worldwide and projects that by 2020 it will be the second leading cause of disability. Depression in America costs the society $210 billion per year, with a significant amount of cost resulting from reduced workplace productivity.
However, lack of understanding of its varied presentation, severity, impact on the well-being of a person and availability of accessible services for its treatment lead to its under-recognition and delayed treatment. Public attitudes towards depression remain stigmatizing and many see it as a personal weakness and not as a medical condition which adds to the treatment gap. This lecture will be an opportunity to present data on the prevalence and impact of depression in Singapore and to engage students in a discussion on reducing stigma towards mental illness and create awareness of the multiple sources of help available in Singapore.
1. To know about the prevalence and associated factors of depression in Singapore
2. To have a basic understanding about sources for help-seeking and innovative treatments available
3. To reflect on the role of stigma in treatment delay and treatment gap