2018/2019, Semester 2
School of Design and Environment (Dean's Office (School Of Design & Env))
Modular Credits: 4
This module is primarily intended for 2nd year MEM students, as the course requires some understanding of environmental management and sustainability principles. Students are expected to have read courses on Environmental Science, Law and Environmental Management and Assessment. First year MEM students are advised not to enrol.
Students in related discipline such as MAUD, MUP and ISD in the School of Design and Environment may apply to enrol, subject to availability of places.
Students from other faculties with an interest in environmental issues may also apply, but will be assessed for suitability of admission on a case-by-case basis, and subject to availability of places.
Note: This schedule could be subject to changes which will be announced at the appropriate time.
(Monday) 6.30 pm to 9.30 pm
Introduction to Environmental Planning
Selman, P., 2000.
, SAGE Publications, London (Chapters 1, 2 and 3)
Basiago, A.D., 1999. Economic, Social and Environmental Sustainability in development theory and urban planning practice,
, 19, 145-161.
Whittemore, A.H., 2012. Why Planners Need to Take Agenda 21 Criticism More Seriously.
The Atlantic Cities
. [online] http://www.theatlanticcities.com/neighborhoods/2012/02/why-planners-need-take-agenda-21-criticism-more-seriously/1159/ [accessed 13 January 2014].
Briassoulis, H., 1999.
Sustainability? An Alternative Role for Planners,
Journal of Environmental Planning and Management
, 42(6), 889-902.
Owens, S., 1994. Land, limits and sustainability: a conceptual framework and some dilemmas for the planning system,
Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers
(Mon) 6.30 to 9.30 pm
Introduction to Sustainable City Development Concepts
Breheny, M., 1997. Urban Compaction: feasible and acceptable?,
, Vol. 14, No. 4, pp 209 – 217.
McLaren, D., 2000. Compact or Dispersed? Dilution is No Solution,
, Vol. 18 No. 4. Pp 268 – 284.
Newman, P., 2000. The Compact City: An Australian Perspective,
, Vol. 18 No. 4. Pp 285 – 300.
Alexander, D. & Tomalty, R., 2002. Smart Growth and Sustainable Development: Challenges, solutions and policy directions.
, 7, 397-409.
De Sousa, C., 2000. Brownfield Redevelopment versus Greenfield Development: A Private Sector Perspective on the Costs and Risks Associated with Brownfield Redevelopment in the Greater Toronto Area,
Journal of Environmental Planning and Management
, 43(6), 831-853.
Owen, D., 2004. Green Manhattan: Why New York is the greenest city in the U.S. (article published in
The New Yorker
Jan (Monday) 6.30 am to 9.30 pm
Sustainable City Development Concepts: focusing on ecological cities
- development forms, principles, case studies, eco-neighborhoods
Beatley, T., 2000.
Green Urbanism: Learning from European Cities
, Island Press, Washington.(Chapters 3 and 4)
Frey, H., 1999.
Designing the City: Towards a More Sustainable Urban Form
, Routledge, New York. (Chapter 3)
Cao, S. & Li, C. 2011. The exploration of concepts and methods for Low-Carbon Eco-City Planning.
Procedia Environmental Sciences
, 5, 199-207.
Chang, I. C. C. & Sheppard, E. 2013. China's Eco-Cities as Variegated Urban Sustainability: Dongtan Eco-City and Chongming Eco-Island.
Journal of Urban Technology
, 20, 57-75.
Kenworthy, J. R. 2006. The eco-city: ten key transport and planning dimensions for sustainable city development.
Environment and Urbanization
, 18, 67-85.
Barton, H. (ed), 2000.
Sustainable Communities: The Potential for Eco-Neighbourhoods
, Earthscan Publications, UK. (Chapters 1, 4, 8 and 16) – only one chapter in the reader
Weeks 4 and 5
Feb (Mon) 6.30 pm to 9.30 pm
Feb (Mon) is Chinese New Year eve
Environmental Planning Principles and Processes
Owen, S., 1991. Planning Settlements Naturally, Packard Publishing Limited, Chichester.
Selman, P., 2000. Environmental Planning, SAGE Publications, London (Chapters 5 and 6)
Sodhi, N.S., Briffett, C., Kong, L., Yuen, B., 1999. Bird use of linear areas of a tropical city: implications for park connector design and management.
Landscape and Urban Planning
. 45, 123-130.
Briffett, C., 2001. Is Managed Recreational Use Compatible with Effective Habitat and Wildlife Occurrence in Urban Open Space
Corridor Systems?, Landscape Research, Vol 26, No. 2, 137-163.
Beer, A.R. and Higgins, C., 1993. Environmental Planning for Site Development (2nd Edition), E&FN Spon, London and New York. (Parts 2 to 4)
Freeman C., 1999. Development of a Simple Method for Site Survey and Assessment in Urban Areas, Landscape and Urban Planning, 44, 1-11.
Ong, B.L., 2003. Green Plot Ratio: an ecological measure for architecture and urban planning, Landscape and Urban Planning 63, 197-211.
Mid-semester written assignment will be given out on Week 5
Feb (Monday) 6.30 pm to 9.30 pm
Planning with Nature in the urban context
Chapter 1: Foundations in Forman R. T. T. 2014. Urban Ecology, The Science of Cities. Cambridge University Press: New York.
Wiens, J. A. 2002. Central Concepts and Issues of Landscape Ecology. In: GUTZWILLER, K. J. (ed.) Applying Landscape Ecology in Biological Conservation. New York: Springer.
Opdam which links Ecological Network Concept to Sustainability.
Reference: Opdam, P., Steingröver, E. & Rooij, S. v. 2006. Ecological networks: A spatial concept for multi-actor planning of sustainable landscapes. Landscape and Urban Planning, 75, 322-332.
Savard, J.L., Clergeau, P., Mennechez, G., 2000. Biodiversity concepts and urban ecosystems.
Landscape and urban planning
, 48, 131-142.
Hwang, Y.H., Feng, Y. and Tan, P.Y. (2016),"Managing deforestation in a tropical compact city (Part B)", Smart and Sustainable Built Environment, Vol. 5 Iss 1 pp. 73 - 92
Koh, L.P., Sodhi N.S., 2004. Importance of reserves, fragments, and parks for butterfly conservation in a tropical urban landscape, Ecological Applications, 14, 1695-1708.
Chong, K.Y., Koon Yee, A.T., Yeo, C.K., 2010. Biodiversity: Linking Singapore's fragmented habitats, Nature, 465 (7296), 289.
McIntyre, S. & Hobbs, R. 1999. A framework for conceptualizing human effects on landscapes and its relevance to management and research models. Conservation Biology, 13, 1282–1292
At this class, the project site and brief will be introduced. A resource person will be introduced to discuss the principles of integrating nature into land use planning, and to highlight the ecological assets of the site, its habitats and environmental attributes.
There will be no reading presentations
Feb (Saturday) 9.00 am to 12.00 pm
Field Trip to study area for Environmental Master Planning
Feb to 3
March (Mon) 6.30 pm to 9.30 pm
Sustainable Urban Transportation
Barter, P., 2008. Singapore’s urban transport: sustainability by design or necessity? Wong, Tai-Chee, Yuen, B., Goldblum, C. (Eds.),
Spatial Planning for a
. Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 95–114 [HT169.12 Spa 2008].
Han, SS, 2010.
Managing motorization in sustainable transport planning: the Singapore experience,
Journal of Transport Geography,
Vol 18, pp 314–321.
Bertolini, L., Le Clercq, F., Kapoen, L., 2005. Sustainable accessibility: a conceptual framework to integrate transport and land use plan-making. Two test-applications in the Netherlands and a reflection on the way forward.
, Vol 12, Issue 3.
Goldman, T., Gorham, R., 2006.
Sustainable urban transport: Four innovative directions
. Technology in Society 28, 2006, pp. 261–273.
Barter, P., Kenworthy, J., Laube, F., 2003. Lessons from Asia on sustainable urban transport. In N. P. Low & B. J. Gleeson (Eds.),
Making urban transport sustainable
. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave-Macmillan.
Newman, P., Kenworthy, J., 2011. Peak Car Use: Understanding the Demise of Automobile Dependence,
World Transport Policy and Practice,
Vol 17. 2 2011.
Newman, P., Kenworthy, J., 1999.
Sustainability and Cities: Overcoming Automobile Dependence
. Island Press, Washington, DC [HE305 New 1999].
Mar (Mon) 6.30 pm to 9.30 pm
Students’ 1st presentation
Summation of environmental data and analysis, rapid impact assessment, defining environmental capital, SWOT analysis.
Students may present their initial planning ideas/concepts as an environmental planning response to the site. Preliminary research on site and key concerns will also be presented. Some indication of the teams’ potential response can be floated for discussion and feedback from the course instructors.
March (Mon) 6.30 to 9.30 pm
Water-Sensitive Urban Design
Carman, C. & Shamir, U., 2010. Water-sensitive planning: integrating water considerations into urban and regional planning,
Water and Environment Journal
, Vol. 24, pp 181–191.
Novotny, V., Elmer, V., Furumai, H., Kenway, S. and Phills, O., 2010. Water and Energy Framework and Footprints for Sustainable Communities, World Water Congress & Exhibition: Montreal.
Additional readings will be included later
[No further reading presentations. Students to work with tutors on the master planning project]
Mid semester written assignment submission
March (Mon) 6.30 pm to 9.30 pm
Draft Environmental Master Plan: Student teams will present their finalized planning concepts and draft master plans for review.
April (Mon) 6.30 pm to 9.30 pm
Project Work to finalize Master Plan
April (Mon) 6.30 p to 9.30 pm
Students’ Final Presentation
Final Master Plan presentation to external assessors
Final Environmental Master Plan Report and Poster Submission
Individual Essay Assignment:
Week 9 18
March 2019 (to be confirmed).
Environmental Master Plan Project Report, Plan and Poster:
The course will explore the multi-disciplinary nature of environmental planning by introducing the basic planning concepts and processes that are normally applied.
The broad issues, particularly those relating to the policy and institutional context will be covered, followed by spatial strategies, planning principles and planning procedures that address environmental concerns, as well as approaches in plan making, site planning, and plan evaluation. The over-riding principles of sustainability of the built environment will form the focus of the course. The course will take place over one semester and shall include lectures, discussions, reading assignments, field visits, plan review and critique.
TEACHING PHILOSOPHY and OBJECTIVES
In mounting this module, we believe that many environmental issues in cities should be addressed in the early stages of the development planning process. With appropriate planning processes, land use policies, spatial strategies and design methods, many downstream environmental problems such as incompatible land uses, urban pollution, natural resource exploitation, inefficient transport systems can be minimized, if not avoided altogether.
The module also aims to challenge students to think creatively when encountering development-environment conflicts, and respond with positive planning/design proposals based on rational and scientific processes, while cognizant of the specific socio-economic-political contexts within which these conflicts take place.
We also intend to use this module as an integrative module, to encourage students to draw together the knowledge and methods they have acquired in other modules on the MEM programme and other relevant courses to enhance the planning process.
The module will be practice-oriented and taught with selected case studies, culminating in a hands-on master planning project, that synergizes the planning and design skills of students from other courses such as M.A (Urban Design) and M.A (Urban Planning) with the management/technical skills and environmental perspectives of the MEM students. The project will present a challenging development scenario that encourage students to explore the many dimensions of possible response that draw on creativity, rational thinking, meticulous survey and thoughtful analysis of the given context.
ASSIGNMENTS AND ASSESSMENT
Weekly reading assignments will be given out, and student reviewers would be required to present their readings at each class session. Where appropriate, students will use the reading materials to respond to specific discussion topics. Marks will be accorded for demonstrating understanding, reflection, and active discussion of application areas. Student reviewers are expected to field questions and lead the ensuing discussion. Students will work in small groups of 3 to 6, preferably with cross-discipline participation.
In addition, there will be a mid-semester individual written assignment and a group master planning project, and the final marks are allocated as follows:
Reading assignment and presentation, and
Individual Class Participation
Individual Written Assignment
Group Environmental Planning Project
First year MEM students are advised not to enrol.