Discourses on Social Entrepreneurship: Enterprise vs Equality
2018/2019, Semester 2
Non-Faculty-Based Departments (College of Alice & Peter Tan)
Modular Credits: --
About the Reading Group
The fields of Social Enterprise, Social Entrepreneurship and Social Innovation have attracted a lot of attention and investment across different academic disciplines and practice arenas. The conceptual thread that unites the three is the process and practice of using entrepreneurial skills to confront major social and community development issues around the world. However, a key point of the contemporary debate in this area is whether the discourse on social entrepreneurship should be focused on the enterprise or on equality! This reading group aims to explore this debate by understanding the concepts: What is a social enterprise? What are the processes and practices of a social entrepreneur? What are the emerging tools of social innovation? By bringing together scholarship from different disciplines (Business, Medicine, Communications, Education, Human Development and Social Work) with diverse perspectives on these topics, the group will understand the challenges of addressing social and environmental problems and critically evaluate the effectiveness of social entrepreneurship in crafting solutions.
Intended Learning Outcomes:
the discourses related to the concepts and issues around the topic;
critically and creatively formulate questions on the new knowledge gained;
with others from diverse backgrounds in forming logical arguments and conveying them coherently;
on own learning.
The primary structure of the reading group will be weekly meetings of the members to discuss selected readings on a chosen topic related to the theme. Members will be required to come prepared with the readings to raise questions and participate in the group discussion. Further, experiential learning opportunities will be created for student participants by visiting an actual social enterprise in practice within Singapore. This will help them not only to enrich their understanding of these concepts but also critically examine the concepts and issues discussed in the group.
Meeting and Discussion (tentative) Schedule:
Discussing about the structure of the reading group; expectations from student participants.
Discussing social enterprise site visits
What is discourse?
Where is social in entrepreneurship?
Is there a duality in enterprise/equality?
The New Elite’s Phoney Crusade to Save the World – without changing anything
Assigned before the start of the sessions
Ministry of Social and Family Development (2010). “Getting to the h
eart of business”
Hulgard, L. (2010). Discourses of Social Entrepreneurship - Variations of the same theme? EMES European Research Network.
What is a Social Entrepreneurship/Service/Activism?
Case for definition
Historical and Current Standards
The social enterprise concepts and issues in contemporary Singapore society
Unpacking the myths and definitions of Social Enterprise, Social Entrepreneurship and Social Innovation
Prakash, R. & Tan, P. (2014). Landscape of social enterprises in
Social Entrepreneurship in Asia: Working Paper No. 1.
legaleSE: A legal handbook for social enterprises
. A Law Society of Singapore Publication
Micro Finance -
the classic example of social innovation and enterprise.
But who is the social entrepreneur?
Kabeer, N. (2005). Is microfinance a ‘magic bullet’ for women’s empowerment? Analysis of findings from South Asia.
Economic and Political Weekly
, October 29.
Morduch, J. (1999) The microfinance promise. Journal of Economic LIterature, 37(4), p. 1569-1614.
28th February @ 10 am
Visiting Foreword Coffee
Good businesses: Meet the entrepreneurs who want to make Singapore a better place.
Foreword Coffee was told that they would fail. Today, they've opened their 2nd outlet at Novena.
Exploring different stories of entrepreneurs.
Is there unity in the diversity?
Gidget Hopf: An Intrapreneur and Social Activist in the Non-profit World
Ron Dow: An Entrepreneur in the Library
Mary Rapp: An Entrepreneurial Instructional Leader
Ralph Spezio: An Entrepreneurial Principal
Lynn Gatto: An Entrepreneurial Teacher
Jeroo BiIlimoria: Child Protection
Social Entrepreneurship in China
Effective social change – entrepreneurship or activism?
"The Case of Singapore's cooked food hawking and its management"
Henderson, J. C. (2016). Foodservice in Singapore: Reatining a place for hawkers?
Journal of Foodservice Business Research, 19
(3), p. p. 272-286. DOI: 10.1080/15378020.2016.1175900.
of the news articles below:
Social Enterprise Hawker Centre: Are the Unfair Terms Justified?
More hawker centres to be run by social enterprises [
End "Social Enterprise Hawker Centers" NOW! [
Dees, J. G. and Anderson, B. B. 2006. Framing a theory of social entrepreneurship: building on two schools of practice and thought.
Research on social entrepreneurship, ARNOVA occasional paper series
, 1(3): 39–66.
Reflection time: Bringing the concepts together
Sandel, M. J. (1998). What money can't buy: The moral limits of markets. The Tanner Lectures on Human Values
Participation Requirements for Student Participants:
[7 meetings including a field trip]
reading group meetings and participate
Reading group meetings will be held
over the semester
[07 Feb 2019 to 04 Apr 2019]
will be provided to supplement the learning.
There will be a
the assigned reading(s) and come to the meeting prepared to raise questions/discuss the concepts and issues being addressed in the readings. Any contribution is acceptable as long as it shows that the student is earnestly engaging with the readings, and equally importantly, that he/she is willing to give due consideration to viewpoints that are different from his/her own.
You are expected to post
significant questions/critical commentary/reflective journaling
from the assigned reading by
9 am of the meeting day
. You might want to focus
on the following:
key concepts or issues that are of particular interest to your understanding of the readings and a rationale for the significance of these issues;
address the questions: What did I learn about social entrepreneurship from these readings, and what did I learn about the
of equality and enterprise from the readings?
Including personal experiences and circumstances that address the reading are strongly encouraged.
These questions/commentaries/reflections are intended to help you to keep up with our common reading and to prepare you for the class discussion.
required for 3 sessions.
Critically analyse and present
“the story of a social entrepreneur/social enterprise”.
This will be a collaborative exercise.
Final reflective paper (
no less than 500 words
reflective systematic journaling/
addressing the following:
key concepts/issues on social entrepreneurship learnt that were of particular interest to you and a rationale for the significance of those;
how have your thoughts on equality and enterprise shaped from these readings, discussions and social enterprise site visits?
Including personal experiences and circumstances that address the reading(s) and site visit(s) are strongly encouraged.
The deadline for the submission of the final reflective essay will be the end of the Reading Week (28 April 11:59 p.m.).