ENERGY SYSTEMS AND CLIMATE POLICY
2013/2014, Semester 1
Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy (Lee Kuan Yew School Of Public Policy)
Modular Credits: 4
COURSE OUTLINE AND OBJECTIVE
The objective of this course is to provide a basic understanding of the science, technology, economics and socio-politics of various energy systems (fossil, renewable and nuclear) for energy policy analysis and national/regional environmental regulation besides assessing various energy technology and policy options to mitigate global warming and climate change.
This course will describe various energy resources and industrial systems fuelling modern economic growth, and the growth potential and environmental constraints for their increased utilization. Description of various power generation systems and supply infrastructure will be provided in a way accessible to a broader audience. For those with technical background, discussion on policy aspects of energy production and consumption (economic, social, and political) will be more instructive. The overall objective is to provide a broader understanding of various energy options available for the future and their individual limitations. This course is suited for anyone interested in energy and environment, and will be of special interest to students planning to work in energy business, energy policy, and environmental regulation.
Some of the questions addressed in the course include: How long will conventional oil and gas resources be able to meet regional and global demand? Will energy resource depletion drive fuel substitution that increases efficiency and lessen the environmental liabilities of current energy systems? What will be the role of renewable energy technologies and nuclear power in the evolving mix of primary energy sources? Will the present generation solve the problem of nuclear waste disposal? Will a major innovation in energy production happen during our life time that will finally alleviate concerns about global warming climate change?
No prerequisites required for taking this course.
T.S. Gopi Rethinaraj
Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy
Li Ka Shing Building
469C Bukit Timah Road, Singapore 259772
Class Venue: Manasseh Meyer, Bukit Timah Campus
Class Hours: THURSDAY: 2 PM to 5 PM
Office Hours: By Appointment
Section A: Overview of energy resources
WEEK 1. Introduction to Energy and Society
Course description and introduction; Energy for economic growth and wellbeing; Role of energy in shaping human history and development; current role of energy in national policy planning and security.
WEEK 2. Energy Resources and Distribution
Geographical distribution of fossil and non fossil energy resources; historical trends in global and regional energy consumption; Measurement of primary and secondary energy in standard units; Conventions of government energy agencies, utilities, and private energy companies.
WEEK 3. Energy Conversion and Distribution
Power plants and plant efficiency; Natural constraints on energy conversion from one form to another; limitations of efficiency and other fuel cycles; features of electricity supply and distribution.
Section B: Fossil Energy Systems
WEEK 4. Fossil Fuels: Recovery & Technologies
Conventional recovery of oil, coal, and gas and current limitations; Estimates of reserves and resources; peak production and attendant problems.
WEEK 5. Fossil Fuels: Future Policy and Technology Options
Advanced coal and oil recovery options; future of non-conventional natural gas resources (gas hydrates); gasification and liquefaction of coal; economic advantages of combined cycle and cogeneration power systems
WEEK 6. Environmental impacts of fossil fuels
Environmental impact of burning fossil fuels; acid rain and regional air pollution; current environmental standards and policies for reducing impact of pollutants
WEEK 7. Tour of Senoko Power Plant [TENTATIVE]
Section C: Renewable & Nuclear Energy
WEEK 8. Renewable energy sources
Hydroelectric Energy, Waves, and Tides Geothermal and Ocean Thermal Energy;
Thermal Solar Energy; Photovoltaic Solar Energy; Wind Energy
WEEK 9. Biofuels and Hydrogen
Biofuels; social, economic and technological issues concerning biofuels; policy options and limitations of fuel cells and hydrogen for transportation; future sources of hydrogen
WEEK 10. Civilian Nuclear Energy Option
Growth of civilian nuclear industry; Economics and social implications of various fuel cycle options; Global Nuclear Energy Partnership and Generation IV designs; Nuclear power in the age of market deregulation
WEEK 11. Nuclear Waste Management
Health and environmental implications of nuclear power; economics of spent fuel management-interim storage, reprocessing; breeders; and permanent geological disposal
Section D: Climate Change Policy
WEEK 12. Climate Change Science
Early footprint of humans on environment; atmospheric implications of current energy use and land use changes; atmospheric carbon load and temperature response; climate change projections and survey of future impacts on agriculture, ecosystems, and economy.
WEEK 13. Climate Change: Politics and Policy
IPCC reports for policymakers; Kyoto protocol and other policy options; Reaching a global consensus; carbon trading and taxes; Intergenerational issues concerning climate change policies and adaptation; choice of appropriate discount rates in climate policy analysis
BASIS FOR FINAL GRADES
1. Class Participation: 20%
2. Policy Paper: 40%
3. Final Examination: 40%
TEXTBOOK AND READING S
There is no prescribed textbook for this course. Lecture notes and readings (required and recommended) will be regularly posted on the IVLE.
Weekly Lecture Notes [Posted on IVLE]
Weekly Readings [Posted on IVLE]