A House, one of the fundamental typologies of architecture, has survived the longest period in our history, while changing its form, meaning and use responding to particular socio/economic and cultural conditions. During the modern and postmodern era in Japan, the house was one of the significant architectural typologies that attracted attentions of architects, theorists and historians; the discussions were made not only from technical viewpoints but also from cultural, historical, social as well as philosophical viewpoints.
In the 1920s and 30s, the western modern style was introduced and adopted by Japanese architects, while the straightforward application of such a style being criticized during the 1930s and 40s under a rising nationalism and architects’ intensive search for its cultural identity. In the Post-WW2 era, the exploration of the identity was re-defined in a new political regime, and architects attempted to re-invent new form of architecture unique to the community. Under a rapid economic growth in the 1950s and 60s, and development of new technology, the architects pursued a mass-productive and systematic approach for the houses, although in the 1970s, such an approach was replaced by a variety of plural issues explored by a young generation of architects. Unlike the former generation of architects who shared intangible concepts such as the modern doctrines and national identity, the young architects explored their ideas by engaging with contemporary socio/economic and cultural issues based on their actual experiences.