University of Singapore
DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE/ SCHOOL OF DESIGN AND ENVIRONMENT
MA Urban Design (essential)/ MA Architecture/ Master of Architecture/ Master of Environmental Management (elective)
Academic Year 2008-2009/ Semester 2
UD5628: Sustainable Urban Design and Development
(Urban green space strategy as a step toward more sustainable cities)
By A/P KIM Soo Bong (
, (O) 6516-8519, SDE 1-05-33)
Time: Monday -; Venue: MAUD Studio (SDE3, level 3)
rban green spaces are classic public goods for all cities. They affect the urban landscape, provide ecological diversity and form essential structural and functional elements that make cities livable places for their urban residents. In addition, green spaces reduce surface water run-off, moderate air temperature, mitigating urban heat island, and offset harmful emissions. They increase sustainability of urban areas by absorbing noise, reduce heavy metals levels in soil and improving the visual appearance of cities. Green spaces contribute sustainability to city
s marketing image and may have an important role in encouraging inward investment. Despite the well known benefits offered by green spaces to the urban environment their present structure and functionality can not be well considered optimal in many cases.
It is probable that
creating sustainable urban system is
the 21st Century
s challenge-a challenge that involves architects, planners, ecologist, landscape architects, policy makers, and an informed citizenry
. In response to this, the challenge of urban sustainability move away from social sufficiency and ecological efficiency to ecosystem compatibility by reassessing traditional notions about the interrelationship between the built and natural environments.
Rapid population growth, unbalanced resource consumption, growing air and water pollution, climate change, and the relentless destruction of natural habitats are the most pressing common issues of modern cities.
Many urban experts recently agreed that urban green spaces (nature in cities) play an important role as core of urban ecosystem as well the urban environmental issues, such as urban heat island. In addition, many cities in the world are looking for ways to integrate nature (green space) into the urban environment from door steps to urban fringe as a step toward more sustainable cities.
It will be fruitful to highlight the great efforts of the integrating the nature with built environment in selected cities as a way to understand sustainable urban design and development methods or ideas (smart growth. new urbanism, landscape urbanism, green urbanism etc.). Afterwards, the methods will be verified whether it suits for our urban situations and an appropriate sustainable approach fits for our city could be suggested during the seminar session.
Therefore, this lecture focuses mainly not only on the role of green space regarding sustainable urban development related issues (such as green space and urban heat island) but also on the recent urban green space design strategies (or planning system and legislation of selected cities (by students) as a step towards sustainable urban design and development.
This course divided into two main parts such as
on urban green space and sustainable development related issues and
concerning on green space design strategies of selected case cities for sustainable development by students.
Each session will be concluded with discussions and implications concerning practical guidelines for sustainable urban development methods.
The selected case cities further developed as an individual term paper at the end of semester.
I am happy to inform you that you can obtain most of the course materials without cost. The required readings are easy to access at the main library. My book
Nature in Cities
will be used for main text for the lecture session but I will copy part of them and give them to you for the lectures free of charge. In addition, I will provide websites and power point references relating the lecture.
Your grade will be based on your final term paper and class assignments (50%), seminar presentations (25%), and participation in class (25%). The value of this course depends on everyone
s informed and active participation. Please let me know if an emergency will cause you to miss a class. If you must miss a class, you should arrange to get class notes and handouts from another student.
To be arranged on the first day of class.
-Seminar presentation is to be presented by power point or other alternative way of presentation. The topic is to be decided by 2/2 (12pm). The maximum presentation time no exceeds to 35 min. and the rest will be discussion time.
-The seminar presentation case cities will be discussed during the lecture session or selected by the student.
-The term paper is about 5,000 words with illustrations of images and drawings. The followings are the three submission dates with different requirements:
1) February 2(10am), the first draft proposal: up to 2 pages;
2) March 2(10am), the second draft of the term paper, 4-6pages
3) April 13(12pm), final term paper, 5,000 words. (The submissions are to be done by both uploading soft copy though IVLA and handing in hard copy at the class).
-Please note that research projects (PPT) and term papers (word file, including proposal, first draft and final term paper) have to be uploaded to IVLE by the date of presentation or deadline. The file name should include student name, topic and date, e.g. Angela-greendesign-030309.
-Required course book:
1. Nature in Cities: urban open space as sense of place in Korean cities (2003) by Soobong Kim and Jino Kwon, Seoul: Hakmun Publishing.
-Required readings (website): I will give the reading list on the first day of the class. The reading list is mainly for the long-term interests as well as source for individual term paper with special reference to green space planning and design. In addition, the following website of UC Berkeley provides useful reading categories of green design and sustainable development. Please visit and check for the presentation and the final term paper.
-Suggested reading (website)
1. Sustainable Urban Design (2000) by Energy Research Group, UniversityCollegeDublin, School of Architecture. (Example of final project & the file will be provided)
2. Boundary Layer Climates (2003, 2nd ed.) by T. R. Oke, Routledge.
(UNEP website: summary of Agenda 21)
Local Agenda 21 Program
of Australian Government website)
(Boston Big Dig Project)
(Seoul Cheonggyecheon Project)
Sustainable Urban Design Development: Course Schedule
(subject to changes)
1 Introduction to course: Why green space?
Jan 12 Discuss about the research presentation subjects
Lectures: Issues of urban green space and SD
2 The role of green space
Jan 19 Green space and health
3 Public Holiday
4 Green space and Urban Heat Island
5 Green space and urban ecology
6 Sustainable urban design and development
7 Recess week
8 Green space and Sustainable development issues
Seminars: Case study of green space system in cities (regarding Asian Cities)
9 Case 1: Berlin (Freiburg) in Germany
Mar 09 Presentation and discussion
10 case 2: Stuttgart in Germany
Mar 16 Presentation and discussion
11 Case 3: Curitiba in Brazil
Mar 23 Presentation and discussion
12 Case 4: Paris in France
Mar 30 Presentation and discussion
13 Case 5: Tokyo in Japan or Seoul in South Korea
Apr 06 Presentation and discussion