QUALITATIVE METHODS IN PUBLIC HEALTH
2017/2018, Semester 2
Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health (Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health)
Modular Credits: 4
Description: Qualitative methods in Public Health will familiarize students with the range of related data collection and analytic methods, as well as ethical considerations and ways to best communicate this approach. Students will learn practical techniques to improve the quality of data collection, including: In depth interviews, focus groups and observational methods. We will also explore lesser-known approaches such as using photo voice or how to ‘walk through spaces’. Emphasis will be given to data management and transparency in analyses, the best ways of doing these, using practical policy relevant methods.
Aims & Objectives: To equip students with the understanding of what underpins the quantitative approach & how best to use it in public health. Upon completion, students will be able to:
1. Describe qualitative methods, & when the different types are most appropriately used.
2. Understand the ethical debate related to the qualitative methods contrasted to other approaches in public health.
3. Describe & apply the qualitative design cycle.
4. Undertake data collection for in-depth-interviews.
5. Setup & facilitate focus group disucssions.
6. Apply different approaches to observation (structured; participatory) & related data collection methods.
7. Manage & code data for thematic analyses.
8. Undertake a content analyses using media data.
9. Critically review the qualitative method identifying validity & reliability.
10. Undertake framework analyses, following the Ritchie & Lewis method.
11. Write up analyses (using the COREQ statement), & present it, clearly, concisely & creatively.
Lectures, Workshops; Field work.
This module starts on 16 January 2018, on every Tuesdays at 6pm to 9pm in AY2017/2018 semester 2.
1. The qualitative paradigm, underpinning of the method.
2. Data collection for qualitative & observational methods.
3. Related data management & quality assurances.
4. Ethics in practice.
5. Qualitative analytic methods: Framework analyses & thematic coding.
6. Structured observation & content analyses.
7. Critical appraisal, validity & reliability in qualitative methods.
8. Writing up & presentation of qualitative & observational results.
Preclusion(s); CO5233 Qualitative Methods in Public Health
Introduction to qualitative designs/methods
-Silverman et al 2011. Interpreting qualitative data. London: Sage. Selected chapters.
-Hennink M. Hutter I and Bailey A 2011 Qualitative research methods. London: Sage.Selected chapters-.
Suggested core textbook
Data collection methods
-Authur S et al 1994. Designing fieldwork strategies and materials. In Ritchie J & Lewis J [eds.] Qualitative research practice: a guide for social science students and researchers, pp. 110-137. London: Sage.
-Legard R et al 1994. In-depth interviews. In Ritchie J & Lewis J [eds.] Qualitative research practice: a guide for social science students and researchers, pp. 139-169. London:Sage.
Finch H & Lewis J 1994. Focus groups. Qualitative research practice in Ritchie J & Lewis J [eds.] Qualitative research practice: a guide for social science students and researchers, pp.171-217.London:Sage.
Mack et al 2005. Qualitative research methods: a data collector's field guide. North Carolina: USAID. Selected chapters.
Methods of analyses
-Ziebland et al 2006. Making sense of qualitative data analysis: an introduction with illustrations from DIPEx (personal experiences of health and illness). Medical Education, 40:405-414.
-Ritchie J & Lewis J 1994. Carrying out qualitative analyses. In Ritchie J & Lewis J [eds.] Qualitative research practice: a guide for social science students and researchess, pp. 220-262. London: Sage.
-Srivastava 2009. Framework analysis: a qualitative methodology for applied policy research. Research Note JOAAG, 4:72-79.
-Bradley EH. Curry LA, and Devers KJ (2006) Qualitative Data Analysis for Health Services Research: Developing Taxonomy, Themes, and Theory. Health Research and Educational Trust 42:1758-1772.
Validity and reliability
-Mays N, Pope C. Assessing quality in qualitative research. BMJ 2000; 320:50.1
-Lewis and Ritchie 2003. Generalizing from qualitative research. Qualitative research in practice, Sage: London.
-Green J 2005. Introduction to qualitative methods. In Green, J & Browne J [eds.] Principles of Social Research pp.454-52. NY: Open University Press.
Ways of reporting / presenting data
-Tong et al 2007. Consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research (COREQ): a 32-item checklist for interviews and focus groups. International Journal for Quality in Health Care; Volume 19, Number 6: pp.349-357.
-Hennick et al, 2011. Writing qualitative methods. In Qualitative research methods, p. 268-293. London: Sage.
-Bapir 2006. Is it possible for qualitative research to be properly valid and reliable? University of Warwick.
-Halcomb E and, Davidson P. 2006. Is verbatim transcription of interview data always necessary? Appl Nurs Res;19(1):38-42.