SOCIAL, ENVIRONMENTAL, AND URBAN POLICY (GATEWAY)
2014/2015, Semester 2
Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy (Lee Kuan Yew School Of Public Policy)
Modular Credits: 4
Gateway course focusing on core knowledge and faculty areas of research in the social, urban and environment cluster.
Semester II AY2014/2015
PP5416 Gateway to Social, Environmental and Urban Policy
Convener: Professor Mike Douglass
Wednesday 2-5 p.m.
This course introduces basic concepts and on-going research of faculty in the social, urban and environmental cluster. Each lecture invites critical thinking on goals, theory and evidence, policy issues, options and applications.
Organization & Grading.
The class combines lectures by faculty and student-led seminars on selected topics. Assignments will consist of 2 short (8 page) policy papers presentations, participation in class discussions, and a final term paper. One seminar policy paper may be expanded into the term paper. Drafts of seminar papers are to be uploaded on the course IVLE site by noon Tuesday the day before the presentation to allow the class to read them in advance of the seminar. After presenting a paper at a seminar, students will have one week to revise and submit a final copy for grading. The shares of the assessed assignments in final grade are:
1. Written assignments: 2 seminar papers (25% each; combined 50% of total grade).
2. Participation (10%)
3. Final paper (40% of total grade).
Expected Learning Outcomes:
(1) to understand major social, environmental and urban concepts and policy issues in contemporary Asia and other world regions, (2) to begin to be able to critically assess development policy concepts and theories in the three areas of the cluster, (3) to be able to link theory and evidence with policy alternatives and implementation, and (4) to deepen knowledge of a specific area of interest to each student through seminar presentations.
Schedule of Classes, Readings and Seminars
Week 2 (Jan 21)
– Economic Growth and Development in Asia
Singapore’s Productivity Challenge: Part I
Singapore’s Productivity Challenge: Part II
Do you think the economic policies implemented by the Singapore government were effective in promoting growth? Will they still be effective in the future?
Sign-ups for Seminars Week 3-12 (each student to sign up for two seminars).
Week 3 (Jan 28)
Poverty and Inequality in Asia
• Narayan, Deepa et al. (2000),
Voices of the Poor: Can Anyone Hear Us?
Oxford: Oxford University Press. [Chapter 2]
• Sen, Amartya (1983),
Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation
. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [Chapter 2]
What is poverty? In what ways is it multidimensional? Is inequality a fundamentally different issue from poverty? How are poverty and inequality interlinked?
Week 4 (Feb 04)
Population Health and Health Systems Development
The aim of this social policy session is to provide an overview of changing health trends and emerging issues for health policy and systems reforms that are taking place in the region. Specifically, it would attempt to achieve a comparative analysis of health systems development in various countries within the contexts of rapid transitions in epidemiology, demography and globalization; changing roles of the state, private market and civil society; and balancing issues of equity, efficiency, quality and sustainability in health systems.
• Peabody, John et al (1999) “Overview: The Role and Responsibility of Governments in the Health Sector,”
Policy and Health: Implications for Development in Asia
, Chapter 1, Cambridge University Press.
• Phua, Kai Hong (2002) “Towards a comparative analysis of health systems reforms in the Asia-Pacific region,”
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Heath
, 14: 9-16
• Phua, Kai Hong (2014) “Comparative Health Systems in Asia,”
Routledge Handbook of Global Public Health in Asia
, Chapter 46. Routledge Taylor & Francis.
Write a health system policy analysis brief for a country of your choice that addresses the following: (a) health situation, (b) how the health system is organized, (c) how is health care delivered, (d) how is the health system financed, (e) assess any recent or on-going major health system reforms, and (f) future directions.
Week 5 (Feb 11)
Tikki Pangestu –
Global Health Issues in Asia
• Julio Frenk, and Suerie Moon (2013), “Governance Challenges in Global Health,”
New England Journal of Medicine
, March 7 936-942.
Jeffrey P Koplan, et al. (2009),
“Towards a Common Definition of Global Health,”
73, June 6.
What is the risk of Ebola causing outbreaks in Asia and how should we prepare for such an eventuality?
Week 6 (Feb 18) TBA
(Feb 22-27 Recess Week)
Week 7 (Mar 4)
Low Fertility: Causes and the Effect of Policy
• Population Reference Bureau Staff. 2004. “Transitions in world population.”
Population Bulletin No. 59.1
. Washington, DC: Population Reference Bureau. (pp. 25-31 only)
• McDonald, P. 2006. “Low fertility and the State: The efficacy of policy.”
Population and Development Review
• The Economist. (2013). Women in South Korea: A pram too far. October 26th 2013.
What are the causes of very low fertility rates in developed Asian countries? What policy approaches do you recommend for the Asian governments to boost their fertility rates?
Week 8 (Mar 11)
Ng Kok Hoe –
Social welfare in East Asia and the Advanced Welfare States
• White, G., & Goodman, R. (1998). “Welfare orientalism and the search for an East Asian welfare model,” in R. Goodman, G. White, & H. Kwon (Eds.),
The East Asian welfare model: Welfare orientalism and the state
(pp. 3-24). London: Routledge
• Art, W., & Gelissen, J. (2002). “Three worlds of welfare capitalism or more? A state-of-the-art report.”
Journal of European Social Policy
, 12(2), 137–58.
How are social welfare systems in East Asia different from those in the advanced industralised nations? Which welfare states are more sustainable in the face of emerging risks and constraints?
Week 9 (Mar 18)
– Social Impacts of Economic Crisis in Asia: Issues and Options
• Pedro Conceição, Namsuk Kim, Ronald U. Mendoza and Yanchun Zhang ( 2009) “Human Development in Crisis: Insights From the Literature, Emerging Accounts From the Field,” UNICEF/UNDP Working Paper. http://www.unicef.org/socialpolicy/index_50302.html
• Davies, Mark and J. Allister McGregor (2009) “Social Protection: Responding to a Global Crisis.” Sussex: IDS. http://www.ids.ac.uk/download.cfm?objecEd=892A137B-D3A0-6B9E-CA82D13AF113F6A1
Propose a policy strategy for addressing the adverse impacts of future economic crisis in "your country " (choose one!).
Urban Policy and Planning
Week 10 (Mar 25)
Bottom-up vs. Top-down Debates in Urban Planning
• Townsend, A. (2013) “Cities of Tomorrow,” Ch 3 in
Smart Cities: Big Data, Civic Hackers, and the Quest for a New Utopia
. (London: Norton & Company).
• Youtube video: “what is planning?” (2min)
• T. C. Chang and Shirlena Huang (2008), “Geographies of everywhere and nowhere – Place-(un)making in a world city,
, 30:3, 227-247.
Consider an urban development project in one of the major Asian cities of your choice. Describe pros and cons of bottom-up and top-down strategies for this urban development project.
Week 11 (Apr 1)
Mike Douglass –
Asia’s Urban Future: Competing Paradigms in a Global Age.
This lecture introduces 4 competing paradigms for the future of Asia’s cities as: (1) competitive engines of growth; (2) sustainable; (3) liveable; and (4) socially just. What are the dominant concepts in each paradigm? Are the paradigms compatible with each other, or are they diverging in practice? Which is the dominant mode? What are the ways forward?
• Douglass, Mike (2015), “Asia’s Urban Future: Competing Paradigms in a Global Age” (pptx).
• UNEP (2013), “The Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City: A Practical Model for Sustainable Development” (UNEP: South-South Cooperation Case Study).
• Douglass, M. (2012), “Liveability: The Public and the Corporate City in East and Southeast Asia” (Singapore: ARI, Draft).
• Marcuse, Peter, “From Critical Urban Theory to the Right to the City,”
Develop your own strategy (paradigm) for Asia’s urban future. Give it a name. Identify and define its principal components. Explain why it is to be preferred over other paradigms. Conclude by briefly presenting 3 main policies you would propose to begin implementing your strategy.
Week 12 (Apr 8)
– Environmental Policy
This will consist of three interrelated parts, namely (1) The linkages between the natural environment and the economy; (2) Management of natural resources; and (3). The role of institutions in the delivery of environmental policy. The environment-economy linkages rest on the premise that an economy cannot exist without the sustainability of nature. The management of natural resources and the role of institutions are developed on the basis of this premise. Case studies will be considered with reference to water, soils, forestry and energy.
• Thampapillai, D. J and Sinden J. A. (2013),
Environmental Economics: Concepts, Methods and Policies,
Oxford University Press (Chapters 1 and 2)
Describe an issue pertaining to a crisis in the management of a natural resource in your country (or a country of your choice). Propose potential policies to avert this crisis.
Week 13 (Apr 15)
Student presentations of final papers
Workload Components : A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week