MSc Building Science 2007/2008
BS 5408: Energy Performance Measurement and Verification
Recent global debates, Government and developmental concerns are very much tied up with the three following major global issues:
1. Climate Change
2. Increasing price of oil and insecurity of supply
3. Environmental protection and development
All these issues are directly or indirectly related to the consumption of fossil fuels. Burning of fossil fuels and in particular oil has led to the excessive emission of Carbon Dioxide, a GHG which leads to global warming and Climate Change.
The rate at which oil prices has gone up in recent years means that for the purpose of enhancing security, country has to reduce consumption and import less. This can be achieved through improving energy efficiency, which at the same time also enhances business competitiveness.
Consumption of fossil fuels in power generation, vehicles and buildings account for a large part of the total emission in cities. This includes pollutants as well as fine particulates which are harmful to health.
Hence, energy efficiency improvement is an important agenda for most Government in the 21st century.
Energy efficiency development involves designing new buildings as well as retrofitting existing buildings for improved efficiency. Energy efficient building procurement must be supported by suitable knowledge in design appraisal and measurement and verification. These are key success factors in the implementation of energy efficiency project.
This module will examine the details of energy retrofit projects’ requirements. In particular, it will look into the details of energy performance contracts’ requirements, and their implementation, with particular emphasise on performance measurement and verification.
AIM AND OBJECTIVES
The aims of the module are to equip students with understanding on the details of energy efficiency project procurement and contract development. These include the following:
§ Risk analysis in energy retrofit projects
§ Forms and arrangements in energy retrofit projects
§ Performance measurement and verification process and components
§ Measurement and instrumentation
§ Base line models development.
Lecture 1: Introduction
Energy efficiency development and their importance
Energy services sector in Singapore
Promotion of energy efficiency development
Lecture 2: Energy retrofit project
Types of energy retrofit project and procurement
Methods of financing energy retrofit project
Energy retrofit project contracts
Risks, uncertainties and barrier in energy retrofit projects
Lecture 3: Concepts and Methodologies in the Development of Performance Measurement and Verification system
Partially measured retrofit isolation
Lecture 4 & 5: Common and Measurement Issues
Factors affecting saving performance
Effect of weather and weather data
Balancing uncertainties and cost
Instrumentation and measurements
Data collection and analysis
Lecture 6: Baseline model development
Artificial Neural network
Lecture 7: Financing of energy performance contract
Forms and agreement
Lecture 8: Case study 1
Lecture 9: Case study 2
Lecture 10: Project Presentation
Lecture 11: Revision
Exam will be in open book format.
Final semester exam: 60%
Project work 40%