IDEAS AND APPROACHES IN DESIGN
2011/2012, Semester 1
School of Design and Environment (Architecture)
Modular Credits: 4
This module provides an introduction to some of the basic concepts and approaches to design as a creative practice and as an academic discipline. It also highlights the nature and historical development of design, especially with respect to "ideas" and “approaches” in industrial design, architecture and urban design.
1 Imbue the knowledge of design as a necessary and distinctive human activity replete with ideas, social contexts and intellectual processes.
2 Introduce industrial design, architecture and urban design through some of its basic concepts such as “periods,” “styles,” “language,” etc.
3 Encourage an active and a critical approach to analyzing the design and the artifices.
4 Show the relevance of design in contemporary and immediate real-life problem sets like sustainability, subjectivity, identity, meanings, etc.
There are many ways of knowing design. One is through experience; another is through reading about it, and reflecting on the ideas that form it and the meanings it project. There are numerous writings on designs in terms of scope, content and approaches. The reading list prescribed in this course is not exhaustive. Nevertheless, they are representative of the materials covered in each of the lecture. Reading materials for each lecture will be uploaded on IVLE before the lecture and it is compulsory that students read them before attending each lecture.
There are 12 weeks of lectures in total. The lectures are supplemented weekly by student-led
tutorial sessions, under the supervision of Teaching Assistants from the Department of Architecture.
Allocations of seminar groupings will be done through balloting on the CORs. The
Integrated Virtual Learning Environment
) will continue to provide updates on changes, announcements and discussion forums. Do familiarize yourself with this University’s interactive resource.
Lecture Wednesday: 11-1 pm. LR427 (by CIS and IT)
Tutorials Tuesday: Groups 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7; 4-5 pm
Tuesday: Groups 9, 10, 11, 12, 14; 5-6 pm
Monday: Group 1: 12-1 pm (Meant only for IDS1 Students)
Monday: Group 8: 11am-12pm (Meant only for IDS1 Students)
Monday: Group 13: 10am-11am (Meant only for IDS1 Students)
(Conducted by TAs)
What is Design?
(hand-out to be uploaded on IVLE for this introduction)
Design and Use(s)
Design and Context
Tutorial Session #1
Design and Temporal Dimension
Tutorial Session #2
Design Around Us
Dwelling , Working, Playing
Tutorial Session #3
Design and Ethics
Tutorial Session #4
Break (17 Sep through 25 Sep)
Design and Making
Tutorial Session #5
Design and Conception
Tutorial Session #6
Design Language and Aesthetics
Tutorial Session #7
Design and the sensorial dimension
Tutorial Session #8
Design and Sense of Place
Tutorial Session #9
Design and ‘Telesic Aptness’
Tutorial Session #10
(Wednesday 23 Nov 2011 9:00AM)
Lecture Outline for the module
The subject matters/issues for each lecture would be illustrated at
Middle-size objects – objects of everyday use
Man-size Objects - buildings
Larger-than man size objects – city
What is Design?
Design as a fundamental human activity. The Human World is a Designed World. Value of understanding Design. Connection Between Design and Creativity. Invention and Innovation.
Design – Ideas, Forces and Approaches
2 Design and Use(s)
Cultural and Social Forces. Concept of Appropriateness. Definition of Users. Design & the Designer (or Design without Designer). Participation and design.
3 Design and Context
Nature and Culture. Notion of Site. Climate. Design as Environment.
4 Design and Temporal Dimension
Design as Force of Change. Past, Tradition & Future. Movement and Motion. Materiality.
5 Design Around Us
Household Objects, Houses, Cities. Privacy/Seclusion versus Public/Community. Workplaces and Creativity. Themed Places & Recreation. Cultural Bridging.
6 Design and Ethics
Design ethics. Design pathologies. Responsibility. Good design. Moral reasoning.
Design – Intrinsic Aspects and Extrinsic Forces
7 Design and Making
Process. Drawing and the Computer. Production. Industry. Technology. Professionalism. Clients.
8 Design and Conception
Precedent. Sources. Preference and Justification. Intention and Judgment. Issues of ‘Style’.Design Thinking.
9 Design Language and Aesthetics
Form, Style and meaning. Vocabulary. Discord and Harmony, Composition and Assemblage. Proportion. Form. Space. Expression. Beauty and Taste.
10 Design: Sensorial dimensions
Haptic considerations. Surfaces. Tactility. Stimuli. Experience.
Design Trends and Issues
11 Design and Sense of Place
Regionalism. Vernacular practices and knowledge. Designers and Craftspersons. Living Traditions and the Future.
12 Design and ‘Telesic Aptness’
‘Spirit of the Age’ and Modernism. Avant-garde.Cult Objects. Identity. Lifestyle. Branding. The notion of the ‘Contemporary’. Star Architects. Iconic Architecture.
There is a
sit-down examination. This accounts for 60% of the course grade. The remaining 40% is determined from tutorial submissions & attendance/presentation, and individual assignments; the breakdown is as follows:
Final sit-down examination
Individual Essay Assignment
Group Work Assignment + participation
Final Examination – 60%
Assignments – 40%
(Reflection essay=10% + Individual essay=15% + Group Work=15%)
1. Reflection Essay – 10%
In every lecture, students are asked to write a reflection essay. The essay will be in an A4 provided during the lecture. Twenty to thirty minutes before the lecture ends, students are asked to write a reflection that exhibits a sense of observation, a thought process working during the lecture. This is an exercise in writing, in conveying thoughts, in consolidating a coherent exposition in a given span of time. A few essays will be selected as good example and discussed in the beginning of the following lecture.
It will be returned by the TAs during tutorial group meetings (on Mondays and Tuesdays)
and each student has to scan & upload the essay to the IVLE workbin
by the end of Friday (same week),
under each tutorial group’s folder.
2. Individual Essay – 15%
The individual essay is for the student to explore and research on designers and their methods, based on the student’s interest drawn from the issues outlined in the lectures 1-6. This investigation is to be consolidated in coherent exposition of about 1,000 words in five A4s. The exposition should not only be descriptive but must also display a level of criticality in questioning and manifesting the student author’s own views, to define the question, and pose a hypothesis. The essay should also incorporate proper documentation of sources and styles of citation. The students are to choose a design issue outlined in the lectures 1-6 and select two designers and their methods related to the design issue. The students have to write about two designers, compare their different approaches and also expound the significance of these designers, their works and their working methodology. Submission: 30 September 2011, 11am, Department of Architecture office. A softcopy is to be uploaded to the IVLE workbin by the end of 30 September 2011, under each tutorial group’s folder.
3. Group Work – 15%
The group work is an opportunity to explore different issues that involve design and consolidate the opinion of three to four members. The group will select two design objects, which may be objects of everyday use and/or those at the building scale, and discuss these in relation to questions that should be formulated in response to the claims, assertions or arguments made by the authors of any one or several of the readings referred to in the module. You may choose to extend, challenge or reconsider these authors’ propositions in light of your examples.
The final Powerpoint presentation should not be more than 20mins. Submission: Powerpoint hard copy handout format with 6 slides per A4 page accompanied by a write-up of about 1,500 words to be submitted 11 Nov 2011, 11am, Department of Architecture office. A softcopy is to be uploaded to the IVLE workbin before the end of the same day in Asgt2 folder, under each tutorial group’s folder.
Participation in the tutorial discussion is highly valued; bonus points will be awarded.