PP5147 Asian Global Cities
Semester II, 2015-2016
Thursday 2 – 5 PM: Room SR 3-4
Assistant Professor Yumin Joo
Office Hours: email for appointment
Li Ka Shing Building, Level 2
AIM OF THE COURSE
In today’s globalization, many of the policy challenges are becoming urban issues, especially in the rapidly urbanizing Asia. This module focuses on examining the new policy challenges and opportunities of Asian global cities that are increasingly strengthening their presence in the world. It studies a number of rising and transforming global cities in the East, Southeast and South Asia, in order to explore their experiences of globalization and urban policy priorities. A number of key urban policy-related topics will be covered, including global policy transfers, city branding, urban megaprojects, housing development, foreign workers, and sustainability.
This module is designed to allow students to survey some of the key Asian global (globalizing) cities and urban policy issues. Upon completion of the module, students are expected to: 1) understand the general impact of globalization on cities, 2) identify policy issues in the contextual framework of the Asian cities in today’s globalization, and 3) discuss contemporary urban policy issues intelligibly.
The module is aimed primarily at Masters of Public Policy and Masters of Public Administration students but is open to appropriate students from elsewhere in the university.
There is no prerequisite for the course.
MODES OF TEACHING
Classes will begin with a lecture, during which students are invited to ask questions and share their insights. After a break, students will make presentations on the Asian global cities assigned to each week, allowing for a more detailed study of the cities. Each presentation will be followed by class discussion/exercise, where we will further explore together the topics and the Asian global city presented.
REQUIREMENTS AND ASSESSMENT
In class participation: 15%
Class presentation & discussion/exercise: 35%
Prospectus for the final paper: 10%
Final paper: 40%
In class participation (15%): Students are expected to read and think about the assigned readings prior to each class, and to participate actively in class discussions/exercises. I will keep general track of participation. Quality of participation matters, and so students who tend to be shy can still earn a good participation grade by making insightful and stimulating points rather than focusing on quantity. Students are strongly encouraged to read the discussion questions (to be posted by Wednesday 9AM) and prepare some key points to share, before coming to class. Students can also think about how the topic of the week is relevant to other Asian global cities that they are familiar with, other than the ones introduced in the readings.
Class presentation & discussion/exercise (35%):
Students will give one 20-30 min. presentation in class during the semester, introducing an Asian global (globalizing) city. One or two cities are allocated to each week’s class from Week 4 to Week 12, totaling to 15 cities: Dubai, Delhi, Seoul, Taipei, Bangkok, Tokyo, Mumbai, Singapore, Manila, Hong Kong, Cambodia, Kuala Lumpur, Bangalore, Beijing, and Shanghai. At the end of the Week 2 class, students will sign up for their presentations. (One student/city.*) The presentation should include the following: 1) a general introduction to the city, 2) principal changes in the city that are caused by globalization in recent years, 3) notable successes or failures of the city in addressing the globalization, and 4) policy lessons other cities can emulate or avoid.
Students should end their presentation with 1-2 discussion question(s) that is (are) provocative, coming from the better understanding of the city based on their presentation, and relating to the topic of the week. Students are encouraged to be creative, and may design a class exercise around the discussion questions, if they wish. Please post the discussion questions (and class exercise guidelines –if relevant) in the IVLE by Wednesday 9AM, so that other students can take a look and prepare for the discussion/exercise prior to the class. 10% (out of 35%) of the grade will depend on the quality of the discussion/exercise and how well the student leads it.
* If we have more than 15 students in class, those who were not assigned a city between the Weeks 4-12, will present a city of their choice – not already presented – in Week 13. If we have 15 or less students, we will have selected final paper presentations in Week 13.
Final paper/policy paper (40% + 10% Prospectus):
The final paper should focus on a real city in Asia that is being transformed by globalization. A short prospectus for the final paper (about 3-5 double spaced pages) is due in the class of Week 7 (March 3rd). The purpose of the prospectus (10%) is for you 1) to think about the paper well in advance, 2) to start organizing and articulating your main ideas, and 3) to get early feedback on some of the key points and directions for your final paper.
The final paper is due on the last day of the class (April 14th). Please submit one hard copy in class, and also submit one soft copy in the IVLE. Late submission will receive penalty. The length of the paper should be 15-20 pages (not counting bibliography and appendices), double spaced, font size 12. Please choose one of the following two options.
Select an existing controversial urban development project or program that is related to globalization. Carefully analyze why and how it is controversial, explaining its origins, development processes, and outcomes, as necessary. In particular, evaluate its larger social, economic, and spatial impacts on the city. Have a clear linkage to globalization in your analysis, and suggest some policy implications following your analysis.
The paper should be directed to a client of your choosing (e.g., mayor, urban planner, NGO, developer, etc.). The main objective is to propose a new project/program as a convincing solution to the existing policy problem that you would like to solve in the city of your choice. Identify and analyze the policy problem, and develop strong rationale behind proposing your project/program, all in the context of globalization. The paper should also include your project/program’s expected developmental benefits (including who benefits), and potential conflict and controversy. Explain who might oppose the project/program and why, and how their concerns should be accommodated.
OUTLINE OF TOPICS AND READINGS
Week 1: Introduction to course (1.14; shopping week)
Week 2: Introduction to globalization and cities – I (1.21)
Sassen, S. (1996). Whose city is it? Globalization and the formation of new claims. Public Culture.8:205-223.
Douglass, M. (2010). Globalization and Urbanization in East Asia: Transborder Intercity Networks for Economic Resilience. (Draft: Globalization Research Center, University of Hawaii).
Chakravorty, S. (2003). "Urban development in the global periphery: the consequences of economic and ideological globalization." The Annals of Regional Science. 37:357-367.
Sign-up for presentations.
Week 3: Introduction to globalization and cities – II (1.28)
Shatkin, G. (2007). Global cities of the South: Emerging perspectives on growth and inequality. Cities, 24(1), 1–15.
Olds, K., & Yeung, H. (2004). Pathways to global city formation: a view from the developmental city-state of Singapore. Review of International Political Economy, 11(3), 489–521.
LKYSPP case: "A global city on Singaporean soil: Growing the economy, not the gap?"
Week 4: City branding (2.4)
Anttiroiko, A.V. (2014). "City branding as a response to global intercity competition." Growth and Change.
Bjorner, E. and Berg, P.O. (2014). Branding Chinese mega-cities: policies, practices, and positioning. Edward Elgar, Northampton. MA. P. 1-13.
Haines, C. (2011). "Cracks in the Façade: landscapes of hope and desire in Dubai." In Roy, A. and A. Ong (Eds). Worlding Cities. Blackwell Publishing, Malden, MA.
Week 5: Mega-events and megaprojects (2.11)
Short, J. R. (2008). Globalization, cities and the Summer Olympics. City, 12(3), 321–340.
Yuen, B. (2008). Sport and urban development in Singapore. Cities, 25(1), 29–36.
Dupont, V. D. N. (2011). The Dream of Delhi as a Global City: The dream of Delhi as a global city. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 35(3), 533–554.
Week 6: Culture-led urban policies (2.18)
Kong, L. (2007). "Cultural icons and urban development in Asia: Economic imperative, national identity, and global city status," Political Geography, 26, 383-404.
Lee, J.Y. and Anderson, C. (2013). "Cultural policy and the state of urban development in the capital of South Korea." In Grodach, C. and Silver, D. (eds). The politics of urban cultural policy: global perspectives. Routledge, NY.
Lin, C.Y. and Hsing, W. C. (2009). "Culture-led urban regeneration and community mobilization: the case of the Taipei Bao-an temple area, Taiwan". Urban Studies. 46(7): 1317-1342.
Cities: Seoul & Taipei
(2.25- recess week)
Week 7: Conflict over globalizing urban space? (3.3)
Chang, T.C. and Huang, S. (2008). Geographies of everywhere and nowhere: Place-(un)making in a world city. IDPR, 30 (3).
Sorensen, A. (2003). Building world city Tokyo: Globalization and conflict over urban space. The Annals of Regional Science, 37(3), 519–531.
Jenks, M. (2005). "Above and below the line: globalization and urban form in Bangkok." In H.W. Richardson and C.H. Bae (eds.) Globalization and Urban Development. Springer, NY.
Cities: Bangkok & Tokyo
Week 8: Housing issues (3.10)
Lai, A.E. (2012) A neighborhood in Singapore: Ordinary people’s lives "downstairs." In Hee, L. Boontharm, D. and Viray, E. (eds). Future Asian Space- Projecting the Urban Space of New East Asia. Singapore NUS Press.
Nijman, J. (2008). Against the odds: slum rehabilitation in neoliberal Mumbai. Cities. 25(2):73-85.
Cities: Mumbai & Singapore
Week 9: Migration and foreign workers (3.17)
Stalker, P. (2000). Workers without frontiers: the impact of globalization on international migration. Lynne Rienner Publishers: Boulder. Chapter 3. The New Wage of Migration
Chang, K. and L.H.M. Ling (2000). "Globalization and its intimate other: Filipina domestic workers in Hong Kong." In M.H. Marchand and A.S. Runyan (eds.). Gender and global restructuring: sightings, sites and resistances. Routledge: NY.
Faier, L. (2013). Affective investments in the Manila region: Filipina migrants in rural Japan and transnational urban development in the Philippines. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers. 38(3): 376-390.
Cities: Manila & Hong Kong
Week 10: Policy transfer (3.24)
Shatkin, G. (1998). "Fourth World Cities in the Global Economy: The Case of Phnom Penh, Cambodia". International Journal of Urban and Regional Research. 22(3). 378-393.
Paling, W. (2012). Planning a Future for Phnom Penh: Mega Projects, Aid Dependence and Disjointed Governance. Urban Studies, 49(13), 2889–2912.
Bunnell, T., & Das, D. (2010). Urban Pulse—A Geography of Serial Seduction: Urban Policy Transfer from Kuala Lumpur to Hyderabad. Urban Geography, 31(3), 277–284.
Cities: Cambodia & Kuala Lumpur
Week 11: Cities as transnational spaces (3.31)
Melchert Saguas Presas, L. (2004). Transnational Urban Spaces and Urban Environmental Reforms: analyzing Beijing’s environmental restructuring in the light of globalization. Cities, 21:4, 321-328.
Goldman, M. (2011). "Speculating on the Next World City." In Roy, A. and A. Ong (Eds). Worlding Cities. Blackwell Publishing, Malden, MA.
Cities: Bangalore & Beijing
Week 12: Sustainability (4.7)
Ng, M. K., & Hills, P. (2003). World cities or great cities? A comparative study of five Asian metropolises. Cities, 20(3), 151–165.
Pow C.P. and Neo, H. (2013) "Seeing Red Over Green: Contesting Urban Sustainabilities in China." Urban Studies. 50(11): 2256-2274.
Week 13: Student presentations & discussions (4.14)