|Speaker: Assoc Prof Rob van Dam
Title: Nutrition, obesity and cardiovascular disease
Short Synopsis: What we eat and drink can affect our health in many ways. A lack of essential nutrients (vitamins, minerals, selected fatty acids and amino acids) can lead to severe deficiency diseases and low energy or protein intake can lead to malnutrition. Excess energy intake, 'overeating', can also lead to ill health: accumulation of too much body fat can interfere with normal metabolism and contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and certain types of cancer. In terms of public health interventions, it is increasingly realized than only educational initiatives have limited impact on improving lifestyles. An approach where healthier choices become easy or even default choices by changing the food and physical activity environmental is also warranted. This lecture will be an opportunity to engage students in a discussion on novel policies and interventions to improve dietary intakes of the population and contain the future burden of chronic diseases.
1. To know about the global prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases and how economic transitions are typically accompanied by epidemiological and dietary transitions.
2. To have a basic understanding about the ways that dietary intakes can affect the development of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases
3. To reflect on determinants of dietary intakes in the populations and a diversity of intervention and policy initiatives that can improve dietary intakes and reduce the incidence of chronic diseases.
|Speaker: Assoc Prof Wong Mee Lian
Title: HIV prevention education in Singapore: Challenges for the future
This seminar will focus on a critical review of HIV treatment and prevention education in Singapore. Some of the latest developments in HIV prevention will also be discussed such as using treatment as prevention (TasP).
1. To have a basic understanding of public health communication on sensitive topics
2. To appreciate the need for social and behavioral interventions
3. To appreciate the social stigma and ethical issues in HIV treatment and prevention
|Speaker: Assoc Prof Chia Sin Eng
Title: Work and Health
Short Synopsis: Work may have an adverse impact on the health status of an individual; the health status of an individual may also have an impact on his or her work.
1. An introduction on the interactions between work and health
2. Highlight various workplace hazards by categories (viz. safety, physical, chemical, biological, ergonomic and psychosocial)
|Speaker: Assoc Prof Gerald Koh
Title: Singapore's Ageing Society and Its Implications on Our Healthcare System
Short synopsis: This seminar will focus on the demographics of aging internationally and in Singapore, and its implications to public health.
1. To describe the global and local phenomenon of ageing
2. To understand how ageing affects public health
|Speaker: Assoc Prof Alex Cook
Title: Controlling dengue in Singapore
Short synopsis: Dengue is a vector borne disease that is endemic to Singapore and that has large health and economic impacts on the country. Unlike influenza or many other viruses, dengue is in a sense easier to control, because without the mosquito, there can be no transmission of the virus, and as a result, Singapore invests a lot in vector control. Despite this, the virus continues to circulate. In this class, we will look at the epidemiology of dengue in Singapore and consider what are the factors that prevent us from eliminating dengue.
At the end of the class, students should have a good understanding of the basic epidemiology of dengue, methods we are using to prevent dengue transmission, and new methods of vector control that are being developed.
|Speaker: Dr Wee Hwee Lin
Title: Antibiotic Resistance
Short synopsis: The discovery of penicillin by Alexander Fleming in 1928 ushered in the beginning of the golden era of antibiotics, a very important class of drugs that treat diseases caused by microorganisms, specifically bacteria. However, as the use of antibiotic became increasing prevalent, resistant strains of bacteria were increasingly reported. This is to say, the drugs have lost their effectiveness.
1. Provide an overview of the economic, humanistic, and environmental impact of antibiotic resistance.
2. Discuss the factors that contribute to antibiotic resistance.
3. Discuss potential strategies to minimize the rate of development of antibiotic resistance.
|Speaker: Assoc Prof Legido-Quigley Helena
Title: The Global Health Architecture and its Governance
Short synopsis: The lecture will present the Global factors that shape health and healthcare; will describe who are the actors/processes and power relations in health globally and how this have evolved over time; and will conclude with some of the current challenges in the global health architecture.
1. Discuss the impact of Globalization on health and the Global context
2. Map the changing GH Actors—roles and relationships
3. Analyse context-specific policy making/shaping processes that impact health
4. Discuss implications for global health/SDG agenda-setting
5. Learn how to conduct a policy analysis using the policy triangle framework and conducting a stakeholder analysis
|Speaker: Dr Lee Ta-Yu John
Title: Tobacco Control
Short synopsis: Tobacco use is a major cause of premature mortality and morbidity in Singapore and globally. National tobacco control policies are guided by the Framework Convention for Tobacco Control (FCTC), the first international public health treaty, which has been ratified by over 170 countries since agreed by the World Health Assembly in 2003. Singapore has strengthened tobacco control over the past decade and is considered a leader among ASEAN countries in this area. The Health Promotion Board (HPB) is looking for ways to reduce Singapore’s smoking rate, and the list of measures currently being studied for potential implementation includes: 1) Introducing standardised tobacco packaging to reduce the appeal of tobacco products 2) Enhancing graphic health warnings 3) Restricting the sale of flavoured tobacco products 4) Increasing the minimum legal age for the purchase, possession and use of tobacco in Singapore from 18 to 21 years old.
1. To have a basic understanding of the FCTC and tobacco control policies in Singapore, England and India
2. To learn about the evaluations of FCTC Articles 8,13,14 & 16
3. To reflect on the strengths and weaknesses of Tobacco Control policy in Singapore, England and India
|Speaker: Assoc Prof Norbert Ludwig Wagner
Title: The Health of Workers – how our tastes shape the health of people globally
People have to work to sustain themselves and to create a future for their families. Work therefore shapes our life and the life of others. Through the globalization of production, trade and consumption the health of millions of people around the globe are connected and determined. We will look at working conditions in the formal and informal sector, the risks and chances work creates for a healthy life and how our own tastes and fashions shape the fate of people in other continents.
1. Name major diseases and occupational risks that contribute to the current global burden of disease through work
2. Identify examples how consumption patterns in one part of the world influence living conditions in other parts of the world and potentially contribute to health inequalities
3. Discuss social and working conditions of the informal sector of economy