POLICIES FOR URBAN INTERVENTION
2013/2014, Semester 2
Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy (Lee Kuan Yew School Of Public Policy)
Modular Credits: 4
Preliminary Syllabus, 16 December 2013
PP5242K Policies for Urban Intervention
Semester II, 2013-14
Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy
National University of Singapore
Professor Susan S. Fainstein firstname.lastname@example.org
Professor Norman Fainstein email@example.com
AIMS OF THE COURSE
The course aims to acquaint students with the issues leading governments to intervene in the physical development and social relations of urban areas. It considers the problems of cities in both the developed and developing world. Most of the sessions will be devoted to examining strategies aimed at mitigating conditions brought about by rapid growth, social inequality, and uneven development. The impacts of policies devised in the West to cope with, first, industrialization, and then the obsolescence of the industrial city will be discussed. The question of the appropriateness of Western models in non-Western contexts will be raised, and other approaches, particularly as they deal with informal settlements and economic activities, will be examined. Singapore will often be used as an empirical site, but significant attention will also be devoted to other Asian cities and those in developing countries.
Such a short course is necessarily a survey. Nevertheless, by its end students should be familiar with the principal methods by which different levels of government have addressed problems caused by the movement of large numbers of people into and out of cities, the consequences of investment and disinvestment, and the proliferation of squatter housing and unregulated economic activities. The goal is both to promote critical assessment of typical policies and to provide frameworks to develop policies that achieve the desired result of manageable growth with equity.
The module is aimed primarily at Masters of Public Policy and Masters of Public Administration students, but is open to SPP PhD candidates, as well as to post-graduate students and researchers in related disciplines from elsewhere in the university. Undergraduates may take the course with permission of the instructors.
MODES OF TEACHING AND LEARNING
Classes involve a mix of lecture and discussion. Students should come to classes prepared to talk about the readings. The class will meet collectively (and depending on size, possibly with breakout sessions) on Tuesday afternoons for the first nine weeks of the semester. During this period, additional class meetings and field trips will be scheduled, mainly on Fridays, to reach a total of 13 sessions. Students will continue to work on policy research projects individually through week XIII of the semester.
Besides participating in class discussions, students will write six short response papers to assigned reading for weeks III through VIII. They will also write a final policy paper that will be a case study of a city (Singapore or another) based on one of the themes of the course. (For more detail see the section on requirements and assessment at the end of the syllabus.)
OUTLINE OF TOPICS BY WEEK WITH ASSIGNED READING
World urbanism: forces at work; reasons for intervention; modes of intervention; planning models in theory and practice ( 21 January)
Cities in a World Economy
, fourth edition (Sage, 2012), A new geography of centers and margins, 323-29.
Allan Cochrane, Making up global urban policies, in Gary Bridge and Sophie Watson, eds.,
The New Blackwell Companion to the City
(Blackwell, 2011), 738-46
Bae-Gyoon Park, Richard Child Hill, Asato Saito
Locating Neoliberalism in East Asia
(Wiley-Blackwell, 2012), Introduction, 1-26.
Urban economic development strategies: infrastructure construction; incentives to investment; physical redevelopment; adaptive re-use; managing informality; technology nodes and centers (28 January)
Stephen Graham, ed.,
The Network Society: A New Context for Planning
(Routledge, 2005), Strategies for networked cities, 95-109.
The Elusive Quest for Growth: Economists’ Adventures and Misadventures in the Tropics
(MIT, 2001), Creative destruction: the power of technology, 171-92.
The City Builders: Property Development in New York and London, 1980-2000
(University of Kansas Press, 2001), Selections from: Markets, decision-makers and the real-estate cycle, Real-estate development: why is it special and what is its impact? 64-73, 197-218.
Weiping Wu and Piper Gaubatz
, The Chinese City
(Routledge, 2013), Urban restructuring and economic transformation, 133-51
Urban economic development strategies: fostering creativity and the arts; clustering; tourism promotion; city branding and marketing; ( 4 February)
Richard Florida, Cities and the creative class,
City and Community
, 2 (1), March 2003, 3-19.
Sako Musterd and Alan Murie,
Making Competitive Cities
(Blackwell, 2010), The idea of the creative or knowledge-based city,” 17-32.
Xiaobo Su, Heritage production and urban location policy in Lijiang, China,
International Journal of Urban and Regional Research
, 35 (6), 2011, 1118-32.
John Gold and Margaret Gold,
Olympic Cities: City Agencies, Planning, and the World’s Games, 1896-2012
(Routledge, 2007), 1-7, 15-24, 39-47.
Susan Fainstein and David Gladstone, Evaluating urban tourism, in Dennis Judd and Susan Fainstein, eds.,
The Tourist City
(Yale University Press, 1999), 21-34.
Interventions to mitigate poverty: Western models (1
Susan Fainstein, Inequality in global city-regions, in Allen Scott,
Global City-Regions: Trends, Theory, Policy
(Oxford, 2001), 285-98.
OECD Sustainable Governance Indicators 2011
. Social Justice in the OECD—How do Member States Compare? 6-12, 18-21. [Recommended, 13-15, 22-44.]
Norman Fainstein and Susan S. Fainstein, The changing character of urban redevelopment,” in Rachel Weber and Randall Crane, eds.,
The Oxford Handbook of Urban Planning
(Oxford, 2012), 587-608.
Xavier de Souza Briggs, Susan Popkin and John Goering,
Moving to Opportunity: The Story of an American Experiment to Fight Ghetto Poverty
(Oxford, 2010), Places and lives, Ghetto poverty before and after Katrina, Lessons, 3-43, 223-38.
Interventions to mitigate poverty in the developing world (18 February)
Planet of Slums
(Verso, 2007), The prevalence of slums, 20-49.
UN Millennium Project, Task Force on Improving the Lives of Slum Dwellers,
A Home in the City
(Earthscan, 2005), 10-17, 117-43.
End of Millennium
, second edition, volume III (Blackwell, 2000), Sections from: Development and crisis in the Asian Pacific: globalization and the state, 256-306.
Capital: Microfinance and the Making of Development
(Routledge, 2010), Sections from: Dissent at the margins: development and the Bangladesh experiment, 89-112.
Urban Planning, Housing and Economic Development in Singapore (4 March)
Karl Hack and Jean-Louis Margolin, eds.,
Singapore from Temasek to the 21
Century: Reinventing the Global City
(NUS, 2010); Karl Hack, Remaking Singapore, 1990-2004: from disciplinarian development to bureaucratic proxy democracy; Charles Goldblum: Singapore’s holistic approach to urban planning; 345-405.
Sock-Yong Phang, The Singapore model of housing and the welfare state, in Richard Groves, Alan Murie and Christopher Watson, eds
Housing and the New Welfare State
(Ashgate Publishing, 2007), 15-44.
Chua Beng Huat, Singapore as model: planning innovation, knowledge experts,” in Ananya Roy and Aihwa Ong, eds.,
Cities: Asian Experiments and the Art of Being Global
(Wiley-Blackwell, 2011), 29-54.
Criteria for evaluation of urban programs: competitiveness, justice, sustainability, livability (11 March)
James C. Scott, Authoritarian high modernism, in Scott Campbell and Susan S. Fainstein, eds.
Readings in Planning Theory
, second edition (Blackwell, 2003), 124-41.
Susan Fainstein, Planning and the just city, in Peter Marcuse et al.,
Searching for the Just City
(Routledge, 2009), 19-39.
Kevin Lynch, But is a general normative theory possible?
Good City Form
(MIT, 1981), 99-108, 117-20, 129.
Peter Marcuse, From justice planning to commons planning, in
Searching for the Just City
Student presentations of work in progress on policy papers (18 March)
* * * * *
Some possible reading for two additional class sessions and references for policy papers focusing on Asian cities.
Richard Child Hill and June Woo Kim, Global cities and developmental states: New York, Tokyo and Seoul,
, 37(12), 2000, 2167-2195.
Kuniko Fujita, Neo-industrial Tokyo: Urban development and globalisation in Japan’s state-centered developmental capitalism,
, 40(2), 2003, 249-281.
Mike Douglass, Globopolis or cosmopolis? – alternative futures of city life in East Asia,
Journal of Urban Humanities
, 2, 2009, 67-115.
Mike Douglass, Orathai Ard-Am, and Ik Ki Kim, Urban poverty and the environment: social capital and state-community synergy in Seoul and Bangkok, in Peter Evans, eds.
, (University of California Press, 2002), 31-66.
Richard Child Hill and Kuniko Fujita, Detroit of the East: a multiscalar case study of regional development policy in Thailand, in Bae-Gyoon Park, Richard Child Hill, Asato Saito, eds.,
Locating Neoliberalism in East Asia
(Wiley-Blackwell, 2012), 257-293.
Gavin Shatkin, Globalization and local leadership: growth, power and politics in Thailand’s Eastern Seaboard,
International Journal of Urban and Regional Research
28(1), March 2004, 11-26.
D. Asher Ghertner, Rule by aesthetics: world-class city making in Delhi, in Ananya Roy and Aihwa Ong, eds.,
Worlding Cities: Asian Experiments and the Art of Being Global
(Wiley-Blackwell, 2011), 279-306.
Arif Hasan, The changing nature of the informal sector in Karachi due to global restructuring and liberalization, and its repercussion, in Ananya Roy and Nezar AlSayyad, eds.
Urban Informality: Transnational Perspectives from the Middle East, Latin America, and South Asia
(Lexington Books, 2004), 69-78.
Syed Ayub Qutub, Krachi –a case of asymmetric inclusion in the current globalization?, in H.W. Richardson and C. H. C. Bae, eds.
Globalization and Urban Development
, (Springer, 2005), 251-270.
Requirements and assessment
1. Response papers
to reading for weeks III-XIII. Students will write four papers during the semester. (Three papers during week III-IX, and one paper during week X-XII). Papers will be 2-3 pages in length (about 500-800 words) and double spaced. Writing the papers will help students to think about the reading assigned for a particular week. The papers will discuss any subject in the reading that students find particularly interesting and conclude by raising and justifying a question that might be addressed in class. They should not be mere summaries of the reading; nor do they need to address every piece assigned a given week. Papers will be submitted to the corresponding folder in the IVLE
by 9 AM on Monday
of the relevant week so that they can be read prior to class; papers will usually be returned with comments and grades on Tuesday of the next week
. (40 percent)
Policy report term paper
on a project or program that reflects a strategic area of urban intervention in Singapore or another major city. The project or program will be described and evaluated, with lessons drawn and policy recommendations outlined. Reports will be 12-15 pages in length double spaced, excluding notes, appendices and graphics
. Reports will be due (in Word or PDF format) on 28 April at 9 AM
(the first weekday of exam period). Please submit in the IVLE folder. The faculty will discuss the reports in class and will provide students with guidance during the semester.
: Response papers and term papers received by the faculty after 9 AM of the due date will have a full grade point deducted; those received after 5 PM on the due date will not be accepted.
in class-time discussion and activities
. (10 percent)