ENERGY POLICY & SECURITY IN ASIA
2013/2014, Semester 2
Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy (Lee Kuan Yew School Of Public Policy)
Modular Credits: 4
PP5255: Energy Policy and Security in Asia
This module will attempt to provide a broader understanding about various energy policy issues in the global and regional (Asian) context and help students understand issues intersecting energy policy, national security, environmentalism, and economic development. The module will illustrate the role of various energy resources in national policy planning and the perceived security concerns of external energy dependence and imports. Geological resource availability and utilization will be discussed for main Asian countries and regional aggregates against the backdrop of global energy developments and policy challenges. Topics covered include global and regional fossil and non-fossil energy endowment, technological challenges facing global energy future, energy security policies of Asian countries, civilian nuclear industry in Asia, coal utilization and the future of oil and natural gas markets in the region, and deregulation and power sector reforms in Asian countries. The primary focus of this course will be security aspects of energy supply and energy policy planning in major Asian economies.
No prerequisites required for taking this course.
T.S. Gopi Rethinaraj
Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy
Li Ka Shing Building
469C Bukit Timah Road
Class Venue: Manasseh Meyer, Bukit Timah Campus
Class Hours: TBD
Office Hours: By Appointment
Section A: Overview of energy security and energy policy issues
1. Global and regional energy security perspectives
Energy resources in human history and economic development; slavery, coal, iron, and steel in conflicts; World War I, World War II (Europe and Asia-Pacific theaters), and other military conflicts through the American interventions in Persian Gulf; Energy security paradigms in Asian countries. Energy, environment, and climate change in Asian countries.
2. Global and regional energy resource availability
Energy units and measurement. Geographical distribution of fossil and non fossil energy resources; historical trends in global and regional energy consumption; energy reserves and resources; current problems in energy resource extraction and uncertainty in oil and gas supplies. Energy resource depletion concerns and alternatives.
3. Energy technologies and resource utilization
Thermal power plants; environmental regulation and standards in energy utilities; nuclear and renewable energy sources and alternative energy technologies: prospects and challenges; fuel substitution policy in Asian countries.
Section B: Energy and International War
4. Coal and Non-Energy Minerals
1. Energy, Transport, and War through 1815; Steamer Coal in the Colonial Era; Franco-Prussian War Sets the Stage; Coal and Iron in the Great War; Coal in Asia before WWII; Coal, Steel, Customs, and the EU; Conflict over other Solid Mineral Resources
5. Oil and International Conflict
Oil and Commerce; Oil during WWI; Oil and World War II; The Postwar Petroleum Order, "50:50," and Iran; Iran and Iraq; Gulf War I; Sanctions and Inspections; Iraq after 9/11/01; Oil and War
6. Uranium, Natural Gas and Renewable Energy
France and uranium; French Neocolonialism in Africa; Natural Gas Resources and Transport; LNG and security developments; Hydropower and other renewable energy resources security and policy
7. Energy security future
Overdependence on fossil energy fuels; Troubled producers; Uncoordinated consumers; Spoilers; Transition to sustainability.
Section C: Asian Energy Security Issues
8. China’s quest for energy security
From Mao to Olympics 2008; Coal utilization issues in China; Natural gas expansion in China; Three Gorges Project and Hydropower in China’s energy policy; Growing clout of Chinese national energy companies overseas; Nuclear Power in China’s energy mix.
9. Energy and security in India
Energy policy and planning in India; Coal and Hydropower Policy; Natural gas pipelines and energy imports from Middle East; Homi Bhabha and the three stage nuclear program; US-India Nuclear Deal and Energy Security; Energy subsidies; provincial electricity boards; Deregulation and foreign investment in India’s power sector.
10. Energy Security: Japan and Koreas
Fossil fuel dependence; Oil and Gas supply issues, Role of nuclear power in Japan and South Korea’s energy security. Spent Fuel reprocessing in Japan and Spent Fuel Management in South Korea; North Korea’s Energy Security
11. Energy security in ASEAN
Dependence on fossil energy fuels; Energy policy and planning in Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia and other Southeast Asian economies. Prospects of nuclear energy in ASEAN countries; Nuclear safety and security implications of the rise of nuclear electricity in ASEAN.
12. Oil dependence, energy trade and alliances in Asia
Oil price fluctuations and Asian economies; emerging energy security relationships for oil trade; Impact of transnational natural gas pipelines in Asia’s energy security; technical and policy issues concerning natural gas trade; political rivalries in natural gas trade and cooperation; Energy trade and cooperation in Asian countries.
Basis for final grades
Class participation: 20%
Group Project: 30%
Policy Paper: 50%
Text Book and Other Material
1. Energy and International War: From Babylon to Baghdad and Beyond, Clifford E. Singer, World Scientific, 2008. [Main Text: Required]
2. Asian Energy Factor: Myths and Dilemmas of Energy, Security, and the Pacific Future, Robert Manning, 2000, Palgrave: New York [Recommended: Not Required]
3. Lecture Notes and Additional Readings. Readings relevant to topics covered in the course will be assigned periodically from academic journals, newsmagazines, and online resources. Students should regularly check IVLE and the course website for class notes (power point files), course-related communication, and other updates.