GLOBAL HEALTH POLICY AND ISSUES
2014/2015, Semester 2
Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy (Lee Kuan Yew School Of Public Policy)
Modular Credits: 4
The changing social, economic, technological and political conditions across the diverse countries and populations of Asia, and the world mean that there is a need for policy professionals to have an overview of global health policies and associated issues. To do that, this module examines the roles and relationships among major players at the global level, and different approaches taken by various international organizations and national governments in tackling health and related problems in the context of the post-2015, post-MDG development agenda. The module will also compare and contrast global health policies with international policy instruments in other areas related to health. The module will examine global health trends and issues using a macro policy framework. Significant challenges in the organization of global health programmes and the complexities involved in international cooperation and the implementation of international policy instruments will be analysed through selected case-studies. Topics on current issues will include: role of international health organizations, international aid and development assistance, emerging epidemics and disasters, non-communicable diseases (including tobacco use), health impacts of climate change, cross-border health issues (e.g. food security), migration of health human resources (brain drain), international trade in health services, global health diplomacy, international health law and the future of global health.
PP5266 Global Health Policy Issues
AY 2014/2015 Semester 2
Prof Tikki Pang
As the world undergoes rapid transition in social, political, economic and technological developments, population dynamics such as migration and ageing, together with emerging diseases and epidemiological trends, would have great impact in the health sector. Global health policy issues are increasingly becoming more important as governments, civil society, private organizations and international bodies like the World Health Organization respond to these challenges.
The module is a study of the management of the global health enterprise through an analysis of governance frameworks within which public policy responses to health problems occur. Nearly all current health problems are trans-national and multi-sectoral in nature and requires a coherent and coordinated response involving diverse actors from many different sectors. As health is central to sustainable development more generally, it acts as a vanguard or ‘probe’ to international governance processes in other areas. Major topics to be covered include the global health system, global health initiatives, international organizations, legal instruments and health diplomacy. The module is not designed as a theoretical dissection of principles and concepts but will emphasize in-depth analysis of real case-studies of global health governance which can be selected based on a students’ own interests.
1. Knowledge of contemporary global health issues, the public policy responses to such issues and the diverse governance frameworks within which these responses occur (key players and stakeholders);
2. Ability to critically analyse, evaluate and compare various governance scenarios;
3. Ability to extrapolate and extend key global health governance principles to governance matters in other areas.
4. Equip Asia’s future policy-makers and leaders with the knowledge to improve the standards of governance through an in-depth understanding of governance processes.
Students should meet one or more of the following requirements:
1. Relevant work experience, future career plans or interest in the health sector
2. Enrolled in a current program with related and relevant interests in health policy and/or global governance issues more broadly.
Topic 1: Global health challenges
- Definition of global health
- Global health trends, challenges and issues: including the Ebola outbreak-lessons learnt
Topic 2: The global policy challenge
- Global health, public policy and governance
- Frameworks for global action (The Millennium Development Goals and the Post-2015 development agenda, Sustainable Development Goals)
- Architecture of the global health system
- Global and national health policies
Topic 3: Major players in global health
- International organizations: World Health Organization, UN agencies and NGOs
- International aid and development assistance: bilateral and multilateral aid programs, philanthropies
- Health in foreign policy: international action & cooperation
Topic 4: Global health policy instruments (1)
- Typology of global health instruments
- International Health Regulations (IHR)
- Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC)
Topic 5: Global health policy instruments (2)
- Food safety-Codex Alimentarius
- Guidelines and best practices
- Codes of conduct & practice (e.g. migration of health workers, ethics)
Topic 6: Global health policy instruments (3)
- Global health research governance, the global health industry and access to medicines (TRIPS/WTO)
- Global Convention on R&D
- International clinical trial registration
- Universal health coverage
Topic 7: Universe of public policies related to health
- Policy instruments in other, related sectors (e.g. trade, environment)
- Common characteristics of international policy instruments
Topic 8: Future of global health
- Projections of future health scenarios and policy options for health sector development
- Future scenarios for global health governance
(i) Class participation 20%
(ii) Assignment-term paper 30%
(iii) Presentations-seminars 20%
(iv) 24 hr Take home test 30%
The final allocation/weighting of various components are just indicative-final weighting and allocations will be decided during Week 2 and is dependent on the final number of students enrolled, and their academic backgrounds and work experiences (if any). There is no final exam.
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