Lecture 1 introduces the concept and general background of environmental assessment methods (EAM). The relationships between the building and its environment at different stages of a building life cycle are introduced. This underpins the needs for EAM. The interest of governments and international corporations in EAM is explained. The purposes of EAM are explained. Their usefulness in the development of different professional practices is also described.
Lecture 2: Building Environment Assessment Models
First the purposes and functions of building are described. The contrasting needs for environmental friendliness and quality of life within the context of the built environment are illustrated and discussed. This addresses the needs to strike a balance, and the needs for pragmatisms. This leads to the demonstration of different existing models adopted by different EAMs. Their respective differences and pros and cons are explored.
Lecture 3 & 4: A Review of Different Assessment Methods
These two lectures takes the students through the various existing major schools of thoughts in the design and practices of EAM in detailed. These EAMs include the BREEAM of UK, BEAM of HK, Green Star of Australia; LEEDS of US; Green Mark of Singapore.
Lecture 5 & 6: Methods of Measurement
The lectures commence with an introduction on the principles and classification of measurement and assessment, and the different approaches adopted in EAMs. Detailed discussions will be made on the approaches available for qualitative measurements, and the various objectives and physical measurement of building and environmental performance. There are also differentiation between measurements and the development of benchmarking systems for classifying performance class and grading of buildings; for instance, measurement and classification of energy performance among buildings. Physical measurements also include methods of assessing lighting performance, thermal comfort, indoor air quality and noise and vibration measurements.
Lecture 7: Detailed Application of Singapore Green Mark
The application of Singapore Green Mark in the assessment of a building is illustrated. Detailed analyses are conducted using the New National Library of Singapore Building as a case example. The consideration made during the design and construction stages of work and the final performance analysis and assessment. The way towards achieving an excellent green building by design is also explained.
Lecture 8: Development of EAMs
This lecture discusses the various technical and non-technical issues in the development of an EAM. A completed development of an EAM for the assessment of residential buildings in the tropics is demonstrated. In this way, a holistic view in the development and adoption of an EAM is given.
Lecture 9: Emerging Issues
The series of lectures is wrapped up with discussions on the success of EAMs over the last 20 years and the present issues and discussions on the ways ahead. The issues and challenges in the further development of EAM, and the extension of the EAM beyond the facades of a building such as the needs to address the assessment of sustainable city. What is the current status of development with respect to city assessment versus national assessment?
Lecture 10: Case Study:
Detailed case studies are given on the real development of sustainable development. These include the Sustainable Housing in Europe (SHE) Project, LEED projects and other published sustainable building projects.
Lecture 11: Assignments review and presentation
Lecture 12: Revisions
Assignment 1: Review of Sustainable Technologies and Systems 15%
Under the assignment, students may work in team of 3 to conduct survey and review the performance of not less than 6 new performance technologies and/or systems.
The report shall include:
§ A description of the technologies, their performance and contribution towards environmental performance and sustainability
§ The way in which these technologies may be assessed and/or measured
§ The total life cycle cost of these technologies when applied in building
§ The likely contributions of these technologies towards the EAM scores using at least to different EAMs, e.g. Green Mark and LEED
§ Comment on the suitability and applicability of these technologies to building in Singapore
Assignment 2: The Application of Singapore Green Mark and One Other EAM on a Selected Existing Building in Singapore 25%
The assignment requires students to work in team of 3. Each team will survey and select a particular existing building to serve as the case study for the assignment.
Once the building is selected and permission to use the building has been approved, students may proceed to collect the necessary data and conduct a full assessment of the building using the Singapore Green Mark. After which the students are required to use one other established EAM to assess the same building. Based on the two sets of results obtained, students are to conduct a comparative study of the discrepancies between the two EAMs, and to comment on the strength and weaknesses of the two EAMs. From the results, the students are to table a list of recommended developments and improvements for the two EAMs and suggest method of developing and commissioning such changes suggested.
Total Assignment Marks: 40% out of a max of 100%
Total Exam Marks: 60% out of a max. of 100%
Overall Total Mark for the module: 100%