2015/2016, Semester 1
School of Design and Environment (Building)
Modular Credits: 4
MODULE AIM AND OBJECTIVES
The aim of the module is to give students some knowledge of the impact of human activities on the physical environment and its subsequent effects on society; and how these impacts and consequences are addressed using regulations, standards, institutions, systems and tools. The contributions of various actors at the local, national, regional and global levels are considered.
The objectives of the module are:
to consider the nature of sustainable development, the different perspectives from which it is viewed, and the implications of the main perspectives
to discuss the impact of human activities on the environment and other aspects of sustainable development; and to consider the types of emissions, pollution and disruptions, the inter-relationships among them, and their individual and collective consequences
to consider the nature, merits and shortcomings of laws, policies, economic instruments and institutional arrangements at the national, regional and global levels for addressing environmental problems, and the individual and collective responses of companies, groups of companies, non-governmental organisations communities and individuals
to illustrate the issues of, and approaches to, environmental management with the policies, practices and systems in the construction industry and its projects. As well as the particular context of urban areas.
This Elective module has no pre-requisites.
The module will be taught through a series of lectures and tutorials.
Students taking the module PF2401 are encouraged to attend the specially arranged seminars under the M.Sc.(Environmental Management) programme. These seminars are held on Friday evenings, from 6pm to 8pm – a schedule will be provided to the students. The first seminar will be on 04 August 2015.
13 August 2015
1. Outline of Module
2. What is Environmental Management?
definition of “the environment”; key current concerns with respect to the environment; definition of “environmental management”; how environmental management is studied; how it is applied; historical development of environmental management
Week Two: 20 August 2015
What is Sustainable Development?
definitions of sustainable development and the debate; ecological limitations of resources versus need for economic development; the triple bottom-line and beyond; drivers of sustainable development; interpreting the definition in differerent countries; why it is not just an environmental problem
Week Three: 27 August 2015
Types of Environmental Pollution and Impacts
essential indicators of sustainability; current state of sustainability; various forms of environmental impacts – focus on key resources; examples of local, regional and international and measures to control environmental impacts
03 September 2015
State of the Environment
current state of sustainability; some key issues – focusing on climate change, food and water security, deforestation, biodiversity; the future
Week Five: 10 September 2015
New Developments in Environmental Law, Strategy and Policy: Global and regional dimensions
current actions at international level; main drivers and actors; progress in key areas; international frameworks and conventions such as UNFCCC; Kyoto Protocol and post Kyoto mechanism; why international conventions and frameworks are not effective; international obligations versus national interest and sovereignty; role of non-governmental organisations (NGOs); problems and obstacles; the future
17 September 2015
New developments in Environmental Strategy and Policy at National Level – Case of Singapore
issues of concern to Singapore with respect to sustainable development; current actions to address problems of sustainable development in Singapore; progress in key areas; need for further action; replicability of Singapore’s example
----------------- Mid-Semester Break: 19-27 September 2015 --------------------------------
: 01 October 2015
Sustainability Impacts of Development Projects
nature of development projects; benefits of development projects; adverse sustainability impacts of development projects; what is to be done?
08 October 2015
how green building relates to sustainability; relationship between building activity and usage of buildings and climate change; nature of a sustainable (green) building; potential of sustainable building in climate change mitigation; trends, drivers, barriers of green building; efforts in Singapore, to attain sustainable building; some recommendations for action.
15 October 2015
Sustainable production and consumption
definition of sustainable consumption and production (SCP); its relationship to sustainable development and Green Economy; key concepts and their evolution; drivers and obstacles; actions being taken – waste
; main techniques such as
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
; future of SCP
: 22 October 2015
Assessment of Environmental Impacts
environmental and social impact assessment – approaches and usual criteria; laws and compliance; stages of EIA; follow ups; experience in various countries; effectiveness of EIAs; the future
Week Eleven: 29 October 2015
Corporate Social Responsibility
definition of corporate social responsibility (CSR);
society’s case; the business case;
development of CSR; drivers of CSR; costs and benefits of CSR;
international compacts; sustainability reporting, certification, auditing;
how development and construction firms are addressing CSR
Week Twelve: 05 November 2015
Sustainable Urban Areas
reasons for, urban areas; benefits of urban areas; problems with urbanisation and need for management of urban areas; meaning of sustainability in an urban context; concept of an eco-city; how to enhance performance of urban areas with respect to sustainability; the future city
Week Thirteen: 12 November 2015
SYNOPSIS OF MODULE AS IN SYLLABI OF B.SC.(PFM) PROGRAMME
The synopsis of this module, PF2401, as outlined in the syllabi of the B.Sc.(Project and Facilities Management) programme is outlined below.
“The purpose of this module is to provide an overview of how the environment is managed using tools, standards, institutions, and systems. Key topics include the nature of environmental problems as market failure, efficiency and equity in environmental management, environmental impact assessment, risk management, environmental and energy policies, legal and institutional frameworks, and a variety of tools such as private bargaining, standards, charges, pollution rights, user fees, subsidies, and city planning and design.”
Students will have to collect information from various sources in order to undertake the individual assignments. Depending on the nature of the topic selected by the student, and the aspect of the project or company being studied, this may involve some field work.
The grade for the module will be derived from a final examination, as well as continuous assessment of the work of students. There will be two individual assignments. There will also be marks for tutorial presentations (to be undertaken by groups of students) and participation in discussions during tutorials.
The marks will be assigned as follows:
1. Individual Assignment One 15%
2. Individual Assignment Two 15%
3. Tutorial Presentations and Participation 10%
4. Examination 60%.