TopThe European Union, ASEAN and
– Spring 2014
Dr. Cesare Onestini
Comparing the experience of the European Union and ASEAN, we will study the opportunities and challenges posed by regional integration.
In particular, we will focus on understanding the drivers behind regional integration including international competitiveness, political aspirations, economic and social development and security concerns.
Course will comprise three parts:
Firstly we will compare how institutional setups meet the goals of the two organisations;
Secondly we will look at how core policies are defined and how they relate to Member States’ priorities;
Finally we will look at what is the place of integrated regional blocs on the international stage.
understanding the functioning and policy-making processes of regional organisations;
evaluating similarities and differences between the EU and ASEAN
assessing the role that regional organizations can play in external relations and global governance.
Sessions format and students’ preparation and presentations
Before each session students are invited to go over the readings listed below to prepare for a class discussion.
In practice each three-hour class will be subdivided into three parts of approximately 60 minutes each:
a presentation and Q&A on the main discussion topic by the lecturer focusing on the EU
a guest-speaker or student-led presentation and Q&A on the main discussion topic focusing on ASEAN
a seminar-style class discussion comparing the two organisations and taking stock of the underlying issues
Assessment will be based on four components:
2 short essays
a short (3000 words maximum) written assignment on decision-making and the functioning of the European Union, to be completed by week 3 (15%)
a short (3000 words maximum) written assignment on the external action of the European Union, to be completed by week 9 (15%)
Presentation to the class: preparation, presentation and leading of a discussion in class of a topic related to ASEAN (30%)
Active participation in class discussions throughout the semester (10%)
Final Essay (7000 words maximum) and discussion in small groups (30%)
Sources and Readings............................................................................................................ 4
Session 1. Introductory session........................................................................................... 5
Session 2. Are the EU and ASEAN products of the Cold War? Are they still relevant today?....................................................................................................................................... 6
Session 3. Theories of Integration and Regionalism.......................................................... 7
Session 4. Deepening vs widening; what pushes regional integration?......................... 8
Session 5. Institutions and Decision-making processes – understanding how the EU and ASEAN work...................................................................................................................... 9
Session 6. How are policy decisions made? Example: Reaction to financial crisis..... 10
Session 7. Creating a Single Market – what does it take and ingredients for success?................................................................................................................................................. 11
Session 8. Regional organisations as trading blocs: who benefits?............................. 12
Session 9. What is the role of regional organisations in global governance? In formal institutions (the UN) and informal forum (the G-20)?...................................... 13
Session 11. Why does the EU need a Common Foreign and Security Policy and ASEAN does not?................................................................................................................................ 16
Session 12. EU and ASEAN’s role in promoting security. Should the EU and ASEAN cooperate more?................................................................................................................... 17
Session 13. Assessing the EU AND ASEAN’s role in the world............................................ 18
Sources and Readings
Books and articles marked with an asterisk (*) are recommended
On the EU – to be used throughout the course
*John Pinder and Simon Usherwood ‚ The European Union: A Very Short introduction. 2013 (Oxford University Press)
*Dinan, Desmond; Ever Closer Union: An Introduction to European Integration, (3rd Edition, 2010, Palgrave, London).
Nugent, Neill, The Government and Politics of the European Union, (Palgrave Macmillan, London, 7th Edition, 2010).
Hill, Christopher and Smith, Michael, International Relations and the European Union, (Oxford, OUP, 2005).
Wallace, Helen. Pollack, Mark. Young, Alasdair. Policy-Making in the European Union. (Oxford, OUP, Sixth edition, 2010).
On ASEAN – to be used throughout the course
*A. Acharya. The making of South East Asia: International Relations of a region. ISEAS. 2012
*Severino. South East Asia in Search of an ASEAN community. Institute of SEA Studies. 2006
Acharya, Amitav. Constructing a Security Community in Southeast Asia: ASEAN and the Problem of Regional Order, 2nd Edition (New York: Routledge, 2009
Sharon Siddique, Sree Kumar. The 2nd ASEAN Reader. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2003.
Roberts, Christopher B. ASEAN Regionalism: Cooperation, Values and Institutionalisation (Routledge Security in Asia Pacific Series). 2012
Tommy Koh (Author, Editor), Rosario G Manalo (Editor), Walter Woon (Editor). The Making Of The Asean Charter. World Scientific Publishing Company (February 13, 2009)
Some useful websites on the EU
Think tanks : CEPS www.ceps.eu; EPC, European Policy Centre, www.epc.eu: ECFR, European Council on Foreign Relations, www.ecfr.eu; Bruegel (which focuses on economic issues) www.bruegel.org; Notre Europe, www.notre-europe.eu/en/, more Francophone perspective; EU news sources: Euractiv: www.euractiv.com ; EUobserver: www.euobs.com; EU blogging portal: www.bloggingportal.eu ; Financial Times www.ft.com ; The Economist www.economist.com
Some European Union institutions’ official websites: Europa – gateway website to the European Union http://europa.eu/index_en.htm ; European Commission http://ec.europa.eu/index_en.htm ; European Council http://www.consilium.europa.eu/showPage.aspx?id=&lang=en; European Parliament http://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/public/default_en.htm ; http://www.europarl.europa.eu/parliament/public/staticDisplay.do;jsessionid=7B01D5B2CCDC5526C2E432FEA954B8F0.node1?id=146&language=en ;
European Central Bank http://www.ecb.europa.eu/home/html/index.en.html
Session 1. Introductory session
In this session we will ask:
What defines a regional organisation?
Are there different categories of regional organisations?
Why would Member States pool sovereignty and delegate authority to common institutions to act on their behalf?
Session 2. Are the EU and ASEAN products of the Cold War? Are they still relevant today?
In this session we will ask:
- History of the European idea, origins of the EU after the Second World War.
- History of the ASEAN idea and aspirations.
What are the main goals of the EU and ASEAN?
How were these goals defined originally and how they have evolved over time?
Have goals changed with the end of the Cold War?
*Dinan, Ever Closer Union, chap. 1, 2
Andrew Moravcsik. The Choice for Europe: Social Purpose and State Power from Messina to Maastricht. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1998. Chapter 1
Alan Milward. The European Rescue of the nation state. Routledge 1992.
Michael Creswell and Marc Trachtenberg," France and the German Question, 1945-1955" Journal of Cold War Studies, Volume 5:3 (Summer 2003), pp. 5-28 http://www.polisci.ucla.edu/faculty/trachtenberg/cv/cv.html
*Severino. Chapter 1
Beeson, Mark. Institutions of the Asia-Pacific: ASEAN, APEC, and Beyond. New York: Routledge, 2009. Chapters 1 and 2
Narine, Shaun. Explaining ASEAN: Regionalism in Southeast Asia. Boulder, Colorado: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2002.
Clinton, Hillary Rodham. "Remarks at the U.S.-ASEAN Ministerial Meeting." Phnom Penh, Cambodia, July 11, 2012. http://www.state.gov/secretary/rm/2012/07/194843.htm
A. Acharya. Whose Ideas Matter: Agency and Power in Asian Regionalism. Cornell, 2009.
Asciutti, E. The ASEAN Charter: Analysis‘, Perspective on Federalism. N.1, 2010, pp. 43-66
Session 3. Theories of Integration and Regionalism
In this session we will ask:
Theoretical interpretation of regional integration processes
The diffusion of regional integration processes
What are the drivers of regionalism and regional integration?
Does regionalism spread? Can different regional experiences be compared?
Theories of Integration
*Rosamond, Ben, Theories of European Integration, New York, St Martin’s Press, 2000, Introduction, especially Ch 2 and 3
* Donald Puchala, "Institutionalism, Inter-governmentalism, and European Integration: A Review Article," Journal of Common Market Studies (June 1999).
Mark A. Pollack, “International Relations Theory and European Integration,” Journal of Common Market Studies, June 2001, Vol. 39, No. 2, pp. 221-244.
Liesbet Hooghe and Gary Marks, Multi-Level Governance and European Integration
*Anja Jetschke. Diffusing the EU model of regional integration in Asia. E-International relations. July 2013 http://www.e-ir.info/2013/07/23/diffusing-the-eu-model-of-regional-integration-in-asia-integration-a-la-carte/#_ENREF_12
*Wong, Reuben. An EU model for ASEAN?. e-International relations. 6 January 2013 http://www.e-ir.info/2013/01/16/an-eu-model-for-asean/
Rüland, Jürgen(2010) 'BALANCERS, MULTILATERAL UTILITIES OR REGIONAL IDENTITY BUILDERS? INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND THE STUDY OF INTERREGIONALISM', Journal of European Public Policy, 17: 8, 1271 — 1283
Jetschke, Anja. Murray, Philomena. 2012. Diffusing Regional Integration: The EU and Southeast Asia. West European Politics 35: 1, 174-191.
Farrell, Mary 2009: EU Policy Towards Other Regions: Policy Learning in the External Promotion of Regional Integration, in: Journal of European Public Policy 16: 8, 1165-1184.
Lenz, Thomas. External influences on regionalism; Studying EU diffusion and its limits. E-international relations. July 2013 http://www.e-ir.info/2013/07/17/external-influences-on-regionalism-studying-eu-diffusion-and-its-limits/
Jetschke, Do Regional Organizations Travel? European Integration, Diffusion and the case of ASEAN, The Transformative Power of Europe (KFG), 2010 http://www.polsoz.fu-berlin.de/en/v/transformeurope/publications/working_paper/WP_17_October_Jetschke.pdf
Beeson, Mark (2005), “Rethinking regionalism: Europe and East Asia in comparative historical perspective”, Journal of European Public Policy 12 (6): 969-985.
Session 4. Deepening vs widening; what pushes regional integration?
In this session we will ask:
- Development of the EU and ASEAN over the past two decades
- Criteria for membership; application process and decision making
Who defines the creteria for membership in a regional organisation? Who can join?
Does more member mean weaker integration?
*Dinan, Chapters 3,4,5
*Graham Avery. An ever-wider Europe? Where will the EU’s borders end?. In Challenge Europe: Europe @ 50. European Policy Centre (available on the web) pp 101-109.
*Fischer, Joschka (2000): From Confederacy to Federation: thoughts on the finality of European integration. Speech at the University of Humboldt, Berlin, on May 12th, pp. 1-10
House of Lords.European Union Committee - Tenth Report The future of EU enlargement. 2013. http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201213/ldselect/ldeucom/129/12902.htm
Sinan Ülgen. Avoiding A Divorce: A virtual EU membership for Turkey. CARNEGIE EUROPE. CARNEGIE ENDOWMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL PEACE. December 2012. http://carnegieendowment.org/files/avoiding_divorce_paper.pdf
Grabbe, Heather, European Union Conditionality and the Aquis Communautaire, International Political Science Review (2002), Vol 23, No. 3, 249–268
Markus Jachtenfuchs, “Deepening and Widening Integration Theory,” Journal of European Public Policy, August 2002, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 650-657.
R. Daniel Kelemen, Jonathan Slapin, Anand Menon. Wider and Deeper? Enlargement and Integration in the European Union . 2011. APSA 2011 Annual Meeting Paper http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1901962##
* Severino Chapter 2
* Hill, H and J Menon (2012), “ASEAN Economic Integration: Driven by Markets, Bureaucrats, or Both?”, in ME Kreinin and MG Plummer (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of International Commercial Policy, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 357-386.
Mahbubani Kishore, 2008, The New Asian Hemisphere, Public Affairs: New York.
Dewi Fortuna Anwar. “ASEAN’s Enlargement: Political, Security and Institutional Perspectives”
Ralf Emmers. The Indochinese enlargement of ASEAN: security expectations and outcomes. Australian Journal of International Affairs. Volume 59, Issue 1, 2005, pp 71-88
Jones David Martin, 2008, ‘Security and democracy: the ASEAN charter and the dilemmas of regionalism in South-East Asia’ in International Affairs, 84 (4): 735-756
Session 5. Institutions and Decision-making processes – understanding how the EU and ASEAN work
In this session we will ask:
- Institutionalisation process of EU and ASEAN
- Internal and external push and pull factors
- Decision-making, judicial review, implementation and compliance
who runs the EU and ASEAN? Who sets the agenda, steers decisions, and implements policies in the EU and ASEAN?
How much sovereignty have the Member States transferred? How do we measure it?
Background on institutions of the EU, website: http://europa.eu/institutions/index_en.htm
*Dinan, Chapters 7,8,9
The European Commission: Edwards, Geoffrey (2006): In: Spence, David/Edwards, Geoffrey (eds.): The European Commission. 3rd Edition. London: John Harper Publishing: 1-24.
The Council of Ministers and the European Council: Hayes-Renshaw, Fiona/Wallace, Helen (2006): The Council of Ministers. 2nd Edition. London: Palgrave Macmillan: 1-30.
European Court of Justice: Anne Marie Slaughter and W. Mattii. Europe before the Court: a political theory of legal integration. INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION 41 (1993)
The European Parliament: König, Thomas (2008): Why Do Member States Empower the European Parliament? Journal of European Public Policy, 15(2): 167-188.
The Member States: Wallace, Helen (2005): Exercising Power and Influence in the European Union: The Roles of Member States. In: Bulmer, Simon/Lequesne, Christian (eds.): The Member States of the European Union. New York: Oxford University Press: 25-44.
*Severino, Chapter 3
Murray, P. and Moxon-Browne, E. (2013) “The European Union as a template for regional integration? The case of ASEAN and its Committee of Permanent Representatives”, Journal of Common Market Studies 51(3)
Christopher Roberts. ASEAN Institutionalisation:
The Function of Political Values and State Capacity. S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies Singapore. Working paper No. 217, 8 December 2010
Jestchke, A. (2009) “Institutionalizing ASEAN: Celebrating Europe through Network Governance, Cambridge Journal of International Affairs 22(3)
Jones, D. and Smith, M. (2007) “Making process, not progress: ASEAN and the Evolving East Asian Regional Order”, International Security 32(1)
Session 6. How are policy decisions made?
Example: Reaction to financial crisis
In this session we will ask:
- Policy actors influencing policy outcomes in ASEAN and in the EU
- Dynamics of decision-making
how do regional organisations establish legitimacy in a moment of crisis?
What policy instruments are available and how are they used?
*Barroso, José Manuel. State of the Union 2013. Europa webpage
*Philippe de Schoutheete and Stefano Micossi On Political Union in Europe: The changing landscape of decision- making and political accountability . CEPS. No. 4 / 21 February 2013
Carmassi, Jacopo/Gros, Daniel/Micossi, Stefano (2009): The Global Financial Crisis: Causes and Cures. Journal of Common Market Studies, 47(5): 977-996.
EU response to crisis (EU website): http://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/crisis/
Jorgen Mortensen. Economic Policy Coordination in the Economic and Monetary Union: from Maastricht via the SGP to the Fiscal Pact. CEPS, 14 August 2013. (23 PAGES)
Z. Darvas, E.Vihriälä. Does the European Semester deliver right policy advice? 2013 Bruegel http://www.bruegel.org/publications/publication-detail/publication/793-does-the-european-semester-deliver-the-right-policy-advice/
Jean Pisani-Ferry. The Euro Crisis and the new impossible trinity. September 2012
Nicolas Veron. The Challenges of Europe’s Fourfold Union. Bruegel. August 2012 http://www.bruegel.org/publications/publication-detail/publication/741-the-challenges-of-europes-fourfold-union/
*Severino, The impact of the Economic Crisis on ASEAN : a blessing in disguise?. Jakarta 12 April 1999. Available on ASEAN secretariat website
*Ralf Emmers and John Ravenhill The Asian and Global Financial Crises: Consequences for East Asian Regionalism. Rajaratnam School of International Studies Singapore. Working Paper No. 208, 16 August 2010
*Shaun Narine. ASEAN in the Aftermath: The Consequences of the East Asian Economic Crisis. Global Governance. Vol. 8, No. 2 (Apr.–June 2002), pp. 179-194
Yongwook RYU. The Asian Financial Crisis and ASEAN’s Concept of Security. Rajaratnam School. Working Paper 148. 2008. http://www.rsis.edu.sg/publications/WorkingPapers/WP148.pdf
Severino, Rodolfo C.2001 “Weathering the Storm: ASEAN’s Response to Crisis”, in ASEAN Faces the Future: Collection of Speeches Jakarta: ASEAN Secretariat
Session 7. Creating a Single Market – what does it take and ingredients for success?
How far should economic integration go to hold a region together? What are the factors pushing for closer integration and what are the hurdles?
Are there different models of regional economic integration – or simply different stages along the same process?
Is a common currency necessary for ‘real’ regional integration?
*Dinan – Chapter 13
European Commission. 20 Years of the European Single Market. 2012 http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/publications/docs/20years/achievements-web_en.pdf
Michelle Egan. Twenty years after the completion of the EU’s single market programme, member states have still not eliminated all barriers to trade. http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/europpblog/2012/11/08/single-market-egan/
For the official up-to-date EU policy description of the EURO see website of the Directorate General for Economic and Financial Affairs: http://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/euro/index_en.htm
For the monetary management of the EURO see European Central Bank website: http://www.ecb.int/home/html/index.en.html
* Severino Chapter 5
*Sanchita Basu Das. Achieving the ASEAN Economic Community 2015: Challenges for Member Countries and Businesses. Publication Year: 2012
ASEC. Asean Economic Community Factbook. 2001
Pradumna Bickram Rana, Wai-Mun Chia & Yothin Jinjarak. Monetary Integration in ASEAN+3: A Perception Survey of Opinion Leaders. S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies Singapore. 3 June 2011. Working paper No. 228
On AMRO: http://www.amro-asia.org
Tamim Bayoumi, Paolo Mauro. The Suitability of ASEAN for a Regional Currency Arrangement. The World Economy. Volume 24, Issue 7, pages 933–954, July 2001
Session 8. Regional organisations as trading blocs: who benefits?
The EU as a trader, and economic and technical regulator
Multilateral (WTO) or bilateral - from PCA to FTA, and relations to EU single market legislation - cases of China, South Korea and Hong Kong
ASEAN’s web of FTAs; bilateral vs multilateral objectives
* Dinan Chapter 15
European Commission, “Trade, Growth and World affairs” The EU’s trade policy agenda for the next five years, 9th November 2010, and see website: http://ec.europa.eu/trade/trade-growth-and-jobs/
Woolcock, Stephen, Trade Policy: A Further Shift Towards Brussels, pp. 381-400 in Wallace, Helen, Pollack, Mark, and Young Alasdair, Policy-Making in the European Union (Oxford, OUP, Sixth edition, 2010).
McGuire, S. M., and Lindeque, J. P., The Diminishing Returns to Trade Policy in the European Union, pp.1329-1349 in The Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 48, Number 5, November 2010.
Meunier, Sophie & Kalypso Nicolaïdis, ̳The European Union as a Trade Power‘, in Hill, Christopher & Michael Smith (eds.), International Relations and the European Union, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2011, 2nd edition, pp. 275-298.
Nesadurai, Helen (2008). “Southeast Asia’s New Institutional Architecture for Cooperation in Trade and Finance”, in Vinod K. Aggarwal & Min Gyo Koo (Eds.), Asia’s New Institutional Architecture: Evolving Structures for Managing Trade, Financial, and Security Relations. Berlin: Springer.
Session 9. What is the role of regional organisations in global governance? In formal institutions (the UN) and informal forum (the G-20)?
Europe's place in the World
EU as a global economic player and ASEAN countries as emerging powers
The UN, the G20 and global economic governance
Robert Kagan, Of Paradise and Power: America and Europe in the New World Order, New York: Knopf, 2003, review article: http://www.hoover.org/publications/policyreview/3460246.html
*Robert Cooper, The Post-Modern State, Demos, http://www.demos.co.uk/files/postmodernstate.pdf or read the article with the same title available at http://fpc.org.uk/articles/169
Charles Grant, Is Europe doomed to fail as a power? Essays of the Centre for European Reform, London UK, July 2009,available at http://www.cer.org.uk/pdf/essay_905.pdf
see in particular (in the same document) the response by Robert Cooper
Global Economic Governance
Papatoniou, Yannos (2011). The Lessons of the Eurozone Crisis that Should Shape the EU's G20 Stance. Friends of Europe - Les Amis de l'Europe. Brussels: 6-22; 97-123
Poiares Maduro (ed) An EU agenda for Global governance Robert Schuman Centre for Advance Studies 2011 , esp. last 2 articles
Alan Hervé The Participation of the European Union in Global Economic Governance Fora European Law Journal, Vol. 18, No. 1, January 2012, pp. 143–161
Daniel W. Drezner The Irony of Global Economic Governance. The System Worked. October 2012
Lourdes Aranda Bezaury The role of Mexico in the G20. Matias Romero Institute 2012 (good overview of the G20’s history and development)
Niu Haibin. Brics in global governance Friedrick Ebert Stiftung , April 2012
Think Tank 20 Global perspectives on the Seoul G20 Summit November 2010 (collection of essays on the G20 by professors from the G20 countries)
G. Grevi. From Lisbon to New York; the EU at the UN General Assembly. FRIDE Policy Brief n. 81, June 2011.
United Nations. Improving Lives: Results of the partnership between the United Nations and the European Union in 2010 (September 2011)
Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament, of 10 September 2003; European Union and United Nations: the choice of multilateralism [COM(2003) 526 final - Not published in the Official Journal] http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/foreign_and_security_policy/cfsp_and_esdp_implementation/r00009_en.htm
* Severino Chapter 6
UN ESCAP. Striving Together: ASEAN and the UN. 2008 http://www.unescap.org/stat/statpub/asean-un-study.pdf
5-6 April 2013, Opening Remarks to the ASEAN-UN Workshop on "Lessons Learned and Best Practices in Conflict Prevention and Preventive Diplomacy", UN Envoy Vijay Nambiar
Peter Ferdinand (University of Warwick). ASEAN AT THE UN. Paper presented at the PSA Annual Conference, Cardiff, 25-7 March 2013
Mely C. Anthony Regionalisation of Peace in Asia: Experiences and Prospects of ASEAN, ARF and UN Partnership. S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies Singapore.
Working paper 42 (2003)
Sheldon Simon. ASEAN and Multilateralism: The Long, Bumpy Road to Community. Contemporary Southeast Asia: A Journal of International and Strategic Affairs
Volume 30, Number 2, August 2008
Caballero-Anthony, Mely. Regional Security in Southeast Asia: Beyond the ASEAN Way (Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2005)
Session 10. Are regional organisations better equipped to meet global challenges?
How the EU and ASEAN address global challenges such as Climate Change, Energy Security, Piracy, counter-terrorism and Environmental Regulation.
How do the interests of MS, regional bodies and international/UN bodies interact?
*Dinan, Chapter 15
Keukeleire, Stephan and MacNaughtan, Jennifer, The Foreign Policy of the EU, Basingstoke, Palgrave, 2008
Challenges for European Foreign Policy in 2013. Renewing the EU’s role in the world. By Publicaciones FRIDE (08/01/2013) Book.
Lenschow, A., Environmental Policy in the European Union, Politics and Polity Dimensions, in Handbook of European Politics, chapter 21, pp. 413-427.
Parker, C. F., and Karlsson, C., Climate Change and the European Union’s Leadersip Moment: An Inconvenient Truth?, pp. 923-943 in The Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 48, Number 4, September 2010
Manners, I. (2002) “Normative Power Europe: A contradiction in terms?”, Journal of Common Market Studies, 40
Maier-Knapp, N. (2012) “The EU and non-traditional security in Southeast Asia” in: D. Novotny and C. Portela (eds) EU-ASEAN Relations in the 21st Century, Houndsmill: Palgrave
Vinod K. Aggarwal and Jonathan T. Chow The Perils of Consensus: How ASEAN’s Meta-Regime Undermines Economic and Environmental Cooperation.
S. Rajarantnam School, Working paper 177, 2009
*Severino Chapter 7
Session 11. Why does the EU need a Common Foreign and Security Policy and ASEAN does not?
The development of a Common Foreign Policy in the European Union, its main focus and policy challenges
Examples of the EU as a political and security actor in conflict regions
ASEAN approach to foreign relations and projection of stability
*Rosa Balfour, and Kristi Raik. Learning to dance to the same tune? The European External Action Service and National Diplomacies. 17 January 2013. EPC Commentary
Howorth, Jolyon, From Security to Defence: the Evolution of the CFSP - Common Foreign and Security Policy, pp. 179-204 in Hill, Christopher and Smith, Michael, International Relations and the European Union, Oxford. OUP. 2005
HR Report on one year of EEAS: http://www.eeas.europa.eu/top_stories/2012/050112_eeas_report_en.htm
Portela, C. and Vennesson, P. (2013) “Sanctions and Embargoes in EU-ASEAN relations” in T. Christiansen, E. Kirchner and P. Murray (eds) The EU-Asia Handbook, Palgrave: Houndmills
*Severino Chapter 4
Otto von Feigenblatt. The association of South East Asian Nations ASEAN: Conflicts and Development. New Century Publications. New Delhi. India, 2012
Michael Leifer (1989), ASEAN and the Security of Southeast Asia (pp. 2–3). London: Routledge.
Michael Antolik (1990), ASEAN and the Diplomacy of Accommodation (pp. 9–10). London: M. E. Sharpe.
Shaun Narine (2002), Explaining ASEAN: Regionalism in Southeast Asia (p. 31). Colorado: Lynne Rienne
Herman J. S. Kraft (2000), “ASEAN and the Intra-ASEAN Relations: Weathering the Storm?”. The Pacific Review 13(3), p. 457.
Clinton, Hillary Rodham. "Remarks at the U.S.-ASEAN [Association of Southeast Asian Nations] Ministerial Meeting." Phnom Penh, Cambodia, July 11, 2012. http://www.state.gov/secretary/rm/2012/07/194843.htm
Benjamin Ho. Asean centrality in a rising Asia. S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies Singapore. Working paper 249, 2012
Haacke J. (2005) The development of ASEAN’s diplomatic and security culture: not beyond “flexible engagement”. In B, Fort and D. Webber (eds). Regional Integration in East Asia and Europe: convergence or divergence?. Routledge. 150-171.
Session 12. EU and ASEAN’s role in promoting security. Should the EU and ASEAN cooperate more?
*European Council, European Security Strategy: A Secure Europe in a Better World, Brussels: December 12, 2003, and subsequent Report on the implementation of the European Security Strategy, Brussels December 12, 2008 http://www.consilium.europa.eu/showPage.aspx?id=266&lang=en
Projecting security outside borders in the wider regions and globally
What role for regional organisations in security? How to cooperate with the UN?
Areas of cooperation between the EU and ASEAN ; what are the obstacle to more structured cooperation in the external and security areas?
Overview of the missions and operations of the European Union 2011: http://consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cmsUpload/mapEN042011.pdf
European Union Institute for Security Studies. European Security and Defence Policy; the first ten years (1999 – 2009)
David CAMROUX.The European Union and ASEAN: Two to Tango?. Notre Europe, 2008. http://www.notre-europe.eu/media/etude65eu-asean-en.pdf?pdf=ok
Anand Menon. Europe’s last chance saloon. E-international relations. July 2013. http://www.e-ir.info/2013/07/28/europes-last-chance-saloon/
Emmers, R. (2010) “The Role of the Five Power Defence Arrangements in the Southeast Asian Security Architecture”, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies Working Paper No. 195
CAPIE, DAVID & BRENDAN TAYLOR: THE SHANGRI-LA DIALOGUE AND THE INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF DEFENCE DIPLOMACY IN ASIA http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1632862
Webber, K. (2013) “The ASEAN Regional Forum and the EU's Role in Promoting Security in Asia-Pacific” in: T. Christiansen, E. Kirchner and P. Murray (eds) The EU-Asia Handbook, Palgrave: Houndmills
*Amitav Acharya (2001), Constructing a Security Community in Southeast Asia: ASEAN and the Problem of Regional Order. London: Routledge.
Charles Thayer (1999), “ASEAN: From Constructive Engagement to Flexible Intervention”. Harvard Asia Pacific Review at www.pol.adfa.edu/resources/asean.html
Ba, Alice D. (Re)Negotiating East and Southeast Asia: Region, Regionalism, and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2009. 325pp.
International Crisis Group. Waging Peace: ASEAN and the Thai-Cambodian Border Conflict. Bangkok: International Crisis Group, December 6, 2011. 40pp. http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/asia/south-east-asia/thailand/215-waging- peace-asean-and-the-thai-cambodian-border-conflict.aspx
Kraska, James. "Contemporary Piracy in Southeast Asia and East Africa." In Contemporary Maritime Piracy: International Law, Strategy, and Diplomacy at Sea. Santa Barbara: Praeger Security International, 2011. Praeger Security International
Session 13. Assessing the EU AND ASEAN’s role in the world
Hill, Christopher and Smith, Michael, Acting for Europe: Reassessing the European Union’s Place in International Relations, pp. 388-406 in Hill, Christopher and Smith, Michael, International Relations and the European Union, Oxford, OUP, 2005.
Hix, Simon, What’s Wrong with the European Union & How to Fix It, London, Polity, 2008, pp. 1-7 and 179-192.
Financial Times, 9th September 2010, Europe Heads for Japanese Irrelevance, article by Philip Stephens, summarising and reviewing - The European Union as a Small Power, by Asle Toje, Palgrave Macmillan, 2010, London.
Leonard, Mark, Why Europe will run the 21st century, New York, Public Affairs, 2005, pp. ix-8, and 135-143.
David P. Calleo, Rethinking Europe’s Future, (Princeton University Press, 2001), pp. 375-387.
Kalypso Nicolaidis & Robert Howse, “‘This is my EUtopia...’: Narrative as Power,” Journal of Common Market Studies 2002, Vol. 40, No. 4, pp. 767-792.
Peter Katzenstein, A World of Regions (Ithaca: Cornell University Press 2005), pp. 76-96.
ACHARYA, AMITAV: ASEAN IN 2030.
Amitav Acharya. ASEAN at 40: Mid-Life Rejuvenation?. foreignaffairs.org, August 15, 2007
Jetschke, A. and Lenz, T. (2013) 'Does regionalism diffuse? A new research agenda for the study of regional organizations', Journal of European Public Policy 20(4)