POLICIES FOR URBAN INTERVENTION
2014/2015, Semester 2
Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy (Lee Kuan Yew School Of Public Policy)
Modular Credits: 4
PP5242K Policies for Urban Intervention
Semester II, 2014-15
Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy
National University of Singapore
Professor Susan S. Fainstein firstname.lastname@example.org
Professor Norman Fainstein email@example.com
AIMS OF THE COURSE
The course aims to acquaint students with the issues leading governments to intervene in the physical development and social relations of urban areas. It considers the problems of cities in both the developed and developing world. Most of the sessions will be devoted to examining strategies aimed at mitigating conditions brought about by rapid growth, social inequality, and uneven development. The impacts of policies devised in the West initially to cope with industrialization, and then with the obsolescence of the industrial city, will be discussed. The question of the appropriateness of Western models in non-Western contexts will be raised, and other approaches, particularly as they deal with informal settlements and economic activities, will be examined. Singapore will often be used as an empirical site, but significant attention will also be devoted to other Asian cities and those in developing countries.
Such a short course is necessarily a survey. Nevertheless, by its end students should be familiar with the principal methods by which different levels of government have addressed problems caused by the movement of large numbers of people into and out of cities, the consequences of investment and disinvestment, and the proliferation of squatter housing and unregulated economic activities. The goal is both to promote critical assessment of typical policies and to provide frameworks to develop policies that achieve the desired result of manageable growth with equity.
The module is aimed primarily at Masters of Public Policy and Masters of Public Administration students, but is open to SPP PhD candidates, as well as to post-graduate students and researchers in related disciplines from elsewhere in the university. Undergraduates may take the course with permission of the instructors.
MODES OF TEACHING AND LEARNING
Classes involve a mix of lecture and discussion. Students should come to classes prepared to talk about the readings. The class will meet on Monday afternoons for the first nine weeks of the semester. There will also be two field trips/agency meetings on Friday afternoons, a day of meetings with the professors to discuss individual policy papers, and an extended session on Monday, 18 March for student oral presentations.
Besides participating in class discussions, students will write six short papers for weeks III through VIII that respond to assigned reading. They will also write a final policy paper that develops a case study of a project or program in Singapore or another major urban area. (For more detail see the section on requirements and assessment at the end of the syllabus.)
OUTLINE OF TOPICS BY WEEK WITH ASSIGNED READING
World urbanism: forces at work; reasons for intervention; modes of intervention; planning models in theory and practice ( 19 January)
Cities in a World Economy
(Sage, fourth edition, 2012), A new geography of centers and margins, 323-29.
Allan Cochrane, Making up global urban policies, in Gary Bridge and Sophie Watson, eds.,
The New Blackwell Companion to the City
, (Blackwell, 2011), 738-46
Bae-Gyoon Park, Richard Child Hill, Asato Saito
Locating Neoliberalism in East Asia
(Wiley-Blackwell, 2012), Introduction, 1-26.
Urban economic development strategies: infrastructure construction; incentives to investment; physical redevelopment; adaptive re-use; managing informality; technology nodes and centers (26 January)
Stephen Graham, ed.,
The Network Society: A New Context for Planning
(Routledge, 2005), Strategies for networked cities, 95-109.
The Elusive Quest for Growth: Economists’ Adventures and Misadventures in the Tropics
(MIT, 2001), Creative destruction: the power of technology, 171-92.
The City Builders: Property Development in New York and London, 1980-2000
(University of Kansas Press, 2001), Selections from: Markets, decision-makers and the real-estate cycle, Real-estate development: why is it special and what is its impact? 64-73, 197-218.
Weiping Wu and Piper Gaubatz
, The Chinese City
(Routledge, 2013), Urban restructuring and economic transformation, 133-51
Urban economic development strategies: fostering creativity and the arts; clustering; tourism promotion; city branding and marketing; ( 2 February)
Richard Florida, Cities and the creative class,
City and Community
, 2 (1), March 2003, 3-19.
Sako Musterd and Alan Murie,
Making Competitive Cities
(Blackwell, 2010), The idea of the creative or knowledge-based city,” 17-32.
Xiaobo Su, Heritage production and urban location policy in Lijiang, China,
International Journal of Urban and Regional Research
, 35 (6), 2011, 1118-32.
John Gold and Margaret Gold,
Olympic Cities: City Agencies, Planning, and the World’s Games, 1896-2012
(Routledge, 2007), 1-7, 15-24, 39-47.
Susan Fainstein and David Gladstone, Evaluating urban tourism, in Dennis Judd and Susan Fainstein, eds.,
The Tourist City
(Yale University Press, 1999), 21-34.
Interventions to mitigate poverty: Western models (9 February)
Susan Fainstein, Inequality in global city-regions, in Allen Scott,
Global City-Regions: Trends, Theory, Policy
(Oxford, 2001), 285-98.
OECD Sustainable Governance Indicators 2011
. Social Justice in the OECD—How do Member States Compare? 6-12, 18-21. [Recommended, 13-15, 22-44.]
Norman Fainstein and Susan S. Fainstein, The changing character of urban redevelopment, in Rachel Weber and Randall Crane, eds.,
The Oxford Handbook of Urban Planning
(Oxford, 2012), 587-608.
Janet L. Smith, Public housing transformation, evolving national policy, in Larry Bennett et al. (eds.),
Where Are Poor People to Live?
(M.E. Sharpe, 2006), 19-40.
Edward G. Goetz,
New Deal Ruins: Race, Economic Justice, and Public Housing Policy
(Cornell , 2013), Conclusion: the future of public housing, 175-90.
Interventions to mitigate poverty in the developing world (16 February)
End of Millennium
(Blackwell, second edition, 2000), Sections from: Development and crisis in the Asian Pacific: globalization and the state, 256-306.
Planet of Slums
(Verso, 2007), The prevalence of slums, 20-49.
UN Millennium Project, Task Force on Improving the Lives of Slum Dwellers,
A Home in the City
(Earthscan, 2005), 10-17, 117-43.
James Holston and Teresa Caldeira, Urban peripheries and the invention of citizenship,
Harvard Design Magazine
, Spring/Summer 2008, 18-23.
Urban Planning, Housing and Economic Development in Singapore (2 March)
Karl Hack, Remaking Singapore, 1990-2004: from disciplinarian development to bureaucratic proxy democracy, in Karl Hack and Jean-Louis Margolin, eds.,
Singapore from Temasek to the 21
Century: Reinventing the Global City
(NUS, 2010), 345-83.
Sock, Yong Phang, The Singapore model of housing and the welfare state, in Richard Groves et al., eds.,
Housing and the New Welfare State
(Ashgate, 2007), 15-44.
Norman and Susan Fainstein,
Public Housing in Hong Kong and Singapore
, Paper presented at the Meeting of the Research Committee on Urban and Regional Development International Sociological Association, Humboldt University, Berlin, August 30, 2013.
Chua Beng Huat, Singapore as model: planning innovation, knowledge experts, in Ananya Roy and Aihwa Ong, eds.,
Cities: Asian Experiments and the Art of Being Global
(Wiley-Blackwell, 2011), 29-54.
Criteria for evaluation of urban programs: competitiveness, justice, sustainability, livability (9 March)
James C. Scott, Authoritarian high modernism, in Scott Campbell and Susan S. Fainstein, eds.
Readings in Planning Theory
, second edition (Blackwell, 2003), 124-41.
Susan Fainstein, Planning and the just city, in Peter Marcuse et al.,
Searching for the Just City
(Routledge, 2009), 19-39.
Kevin Lynch, But is a general normative theory possible?
Good City Form
(MIT, 1981), 99-108, 117-20, 129.
Peter Marcuse, From justice planning to commons planning, in
Searching for the Just City
Student presentations of work in progress on policy papers (16 March). Class begins at noon with lunch provided.
Requirements and assessment
1. Response papers
for weeks III-VIII. Students will write six papers during the semester. Papers will be 2-3 pages in length (about 500-800 words) and double spaced. Writing the papers will help students to think about the reading assigned for a particular week. The papers should make an argument addressed any subject in the reading that students find particularly interesting. They should not be mere summaries of the reading; nor do they need to consider every piece assigned. References should be made to previous assigned readings when appropriate. Papers will be submitted to the corresponding folder in the IVLE
by 9 AM on Monday
of the relevant week so that they can be read prior to class; papers will usually be returned with comments and grades on Monday of the next week
. (40 percent)
Policy report term paper
on a project or program that reflects a strategic area of urban intervention in Singapore or another major city. The project or program will be described and evaluated, with lessons drawn and policy recommendations outlined. Reports will be 12-15 pages in length double spaced, excluding notes, appendices and graphics
. Preliminary oral reports will be presented in class during week IX. Final written reports will be due (in Word or PDF format) on 27 April at 9 AM
(the first weekday of exam period). Please submit in the IVLE folder. The faculty will discuss the reports in class and will provide students with guidance during the semester.
: Response papers and term papers received by the faculty after 9 AM of the due date will have a full grade point deducted; those received after 5 PM on the due date will not be accepted.
in class-time discussion and activities
. (10 percent)
All reading listed here can be found in the IVLE course workbin.