2018/2019, Semester 1
School of Design and Environment (Architecture)
Modular Credits: 4
In this elective, you will learn how to apply 3d computational modelling at an urban scale. Iterative urban prototyping methods will be taught for generating and evaluating urban models. Parametric modelling techniques will be used for generating urban blocks and spatial analysis techniques will be used for evaluating urban neighbourhoods. These methods will be coupled to explore the trade-offs between density and liveability within urban environments of extreme density. The elective will be conducted in an accelerated mode.
Key learning outcomes are as follows:
Computational modelling at the urban scale, focusing on design methods for generating and evaluating urban models.
Specific abilities will include parametric modelling techniques for generating urban blocks and spatial analysis techniques for evaluating urban neighbourhoods.
The elective consist of two weeks of seminars followed by an assignment.
The seminars will be divided into three parts.
Part 1: Generatve modelling:
Generation of street grids and plot subdivisions
Generation of urban parameters fields
Generation of urban fabric using block typologies
Part 2: Evaluative Modelling:
Evaluation of good windows
Evaluation of good buildings
Part 3: Rendering and Presentation:
Creating a web book using Github
The elective will be taught as an intensive elective, consting of two seeks of seminars followed by an assignment.
30 July to 10 Aug
Seminars in the digital design lab (DDL#03-01) ,
Hands on learning computational methods and tools.
11 to 30 Aug
Individual work, tutorials are optional
Tutorial slots: ??? afternoons between 3 to 6pm
The final assignment will be to use the urban prototyping methods to explore a set of urban massing options for the 75 Ha site between the AYE and Dover Road, with the following requirements:
Basic Generative Requirements:
The total floor area must be for 35 m2 per person, for 75,000 people. That comes to a total of 2.6 million m2 of floor area. This must be constant for all the models that are generated. The way that these 35m2 are divided between different program is up to you, and may vary from project to project. For example, some may assign 22m2 per person to residential, while the remaining 13m2 are divided more or less equally between offices, shops, and clean-tech industrial. In other cases, you may decide to vary this distribution in different parts of the site. So for example, if in one area of your site, you are proposing a lot of student housing, then maybe 22m2 is too high.
Basic Evaluative Requirements
: All buildings must achieve basic requirements that ensure a reasonable quality for the space, in terms of daylight, views, etc. These are evaluated using the "Generate Buildings" and "Evaluate Buildings" Houdini nodes. These nodes will use a simple scoring system to calculate whether the building is "good" or not.
For your urban massings, you must try to make most buildings are evaluated as "good" blue buildings.
(You may find that there are a few red buildings left that are not achieving the "good" threshold. This is not so a big issue, as long as there are not too many of them.)
"Eval Buildings" Node (version >= 7) Settings
: The settings for the "Evaluate Buildings" node must be as follows:
For good windows,
For good building thresholds,
: On top of these basic generative and evaluative requirements, you should set your own design goals that will drive your exploration process. These goals can be very diverse, but will typically be related to some kind of quality-of-life targets. For example, that residents live close to the MRT, or that they do not overlook the AYE, or that everyone is 5 mins from a park, etc. You can also include non-quantifiable goals that are evaluated based on visual inspection of the models.
You must document your exploration process using the following sections:
An abstract that summarizes your whole exploration process, including the final results and conclusions. The abstract should allow the user to decide - do I want to read this chapter? [200 words, 1 image]
An introduction explaining what your overall design goals are, beyond the basic requirements set out above. [500 words, max 12 images]
Three iterations of generating and evaluating urban massing models according to the basic requirements and design goals set out above. [500 words each, max 12 images each]
Explain your generative process, using various diagrams. These diagrams can be generated sketched by hand, can be generated using Houdini, or created using other software. The main goal is to get the reader to understand the computational logic of the process, without getting lost in the details. These explanations should not require the reader to have any understanding of Houdini. (So no screen captures of the Houdini network.)
Describe and discuss the generated massing models.
Describe and discuss the evaluation results
Discuss how the results of the exploration process could be used as one part of a more holistic design process. Has the exploration process resulted in any interesting findings or discoveries? Are there important issues that are not taken into account in this exploration process? If you were going to further develop this into a final masterplan, would you choose one generated option, or would you combine parts of different generated options? [500 words, max 12 images]
The work will be presented as a web book. Each of you will contribute one chapter to this book. The web book will be created using GitHub, a free platform for building online content.
Each section of your chapter (abstract, introduction, three iterations, and discussion) must be provided using the GitBook markdown language.
All files (images, markdown files and Houdini models) must be uploaded to IVLE as a single ZIP file, named with both your name and student number.
Wednesday 12nd Sept at midnight.
The grading criteria will be as follows:
Does your book chapter adhere to the assignment requirements with regards to the sections, the number of words, and the max number of images, and the web book format (using markdown).
Does your book chapter create an engaging narrative that describes how urban prototyping methods and tools can be used to support the design process?
Before start of semester, seminars wil take place in DDL#03-30, 1pm to 5.30pm.
After start of semester, tutorials will take place in ??.
Workload Components : A-B-C-D-E
A: no. of lecture hours per week
B: no. of tutorial hours per week
C: no. of lab hours per week
D: no. of hours for projects, assignments, fieldwork etc per week
E: no. of hours for preparatory work by a student per week