COMPARATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL LAW 2006/7
Introduction to Seminars 1 & 2
For the first two seminars, (9th & 16th January 200) we will not be meeting with the class from Pace Law School, as their semester begins on 24th January. However, we will meet as scheduled, on Tuesdays from 9 to 11.45 am in the Executive Classroom, Law Faculty, for some preliminary work so that students will have considerable background to this field, before meeting their counterparts from Pace.
It is necessary that all students have a background to international environmental law as well as a background into environmental law in Singapore, as the students at Pace will expect us to be on top of the laws in our part of the world. Thus, these first two seminars will provide the necessary introductory materials to give you this background.
The first Seminar provides a useful introductory background for all students studying environmental law, as many laws are passed at the national level in order to implement an international treaty signed and ratified or acceded to by the State. It is also important to understand concepts such as the polluter pays principle, the principle of prior informed consent; the concepts of sustainable development, inter-generational equity and intra-generational equity, the north-south debate, issues of trade and the environment etc.
The second seminar will introduce you briefly to Singapore’s environmental law, which is a good example of environmental law and management at the national level.
Most materials are reproduced for you and, where possible you will be referred to readings that are available on the internet. Compulsory readings are marked with an asterisk.
For Seminar 1, please ensure that you come prepared for classes by reading all materials beforehand and try to answer the following questions :
1. What is environmental law and what are its sources?
2. What is international law and how is it made?
3. What are the international agencies involved in the environment?
4. Compare and contrast the Earth Charter, the Stockholm and the Rio Declarations.
5. What is Agenda 21? What, if any, is its impact on the world environment and on your country today?
6. Critically examine the outcomes of the World Summit held at Johannesburg (26 August to 4 Sept 2002).
- How would you advise a developing country on the laws that need to be passed to improve its environment?
The reading lists for each seminar will be available on IVLE. Please collect the materials for Seminars 1 & 2 from the Law Faculty's Student Distribution Counter.