|Speaker: Dr Mary Chong
Title: Nutrition, obesity and cardiovascular disease
Short Synopsis: What we eat and drink can affect our health in many ways. A lack of essential nutrients (vitamins, minerals, selected fatty acids and amino acids) can lead to severe deficiency diseases and low energy or protein intake can lead to malnutrition. Excess energy intake, 'overeating', can also lead to ill health: accumulation of too much body fat can interfere with normal metabolism and contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and certain types of cancer. In terms of public health interventions, it is increasingly realized than only educational initiatives have limited impact on improving lifestyles. An approach where healthier choices become easy or even default choices by changing the food and physical activity environmental is also warranted. This lecture will be an opportunity to engage students in a discussion on novel policies and interventions to improve dietary intakes of the population and contain the future burden of chronic diseases.
1. To know about the global prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases and how economic transitions are typically accompanied by epidemiological and dietary transitions.
2. To have a basic understanding about the ways that dietary intakes can affect the development of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases
3. To reflect on determinants of dietary intakes in the populations and a diversity of intervention and policy initiatives that can improve dietary intakes and reduce the incidence of chronic diseases.
Speaker: Assoc Prof Mikael Hartman
Title: Breast Cancer: epidemiologic methods to understand it and its risk factors
Using breast cancer as an example, this module covers measurement of health, disease states and their risk factors in populations using routine hospital or population data and epidemiologic surveys for the prevention or early detection of disease. Principles in the design and conduct of observational epidemiologic studies and associated potential bias and confounding will be introduced. Screening for disease, in particular the principles behind this, will also be briefly covered.
1. To receive an overview of epidemiology and epidemiological methods to study breast cancer
2. To understand the risk factors associated with breast cancer and appreciate how this could change over time for different populations.
3. To be aware of screening for breast cancer, its options and limitations.
Speaker: Assoc Prof Sri Chander
Title: Maternal and Child Health
Investing in the health of women and children is critical for every nation’s development. The countdown to meet the global Millennium Developments goals for child and maternal mortality reduction is less than a year away—end 2015. What is the current state of progress? We will discuss the main challenges and critical program gaps encountering women, children, providers, and policymakers in some of the world's most vulnerable communities. How can the global community’s collective commitment ensure that more children live past their fifth birthday and fewer women die or suffer complications during pregnancy and childbirth? We will learn how a life course perspective can be applied to gain a critical understanding of maternal and child health issues.
1. To discuss the causes and trends of new born, infant, child, adolescent and maternal deaths and illnesses
2. To understand key factors (gender, behavioural, socio-cultural, economic, geographic & policy, etc) influencing their vulnerability to disease and /or death
3. To describe and critically evaluate responses to mitigate these preventable deaths and illnesses
|Speaker: Assoc Prof Wong Mee Lian
Title: HIV prevention education in Singapore: Challenges for the future
This seminar will focus on a critical review of HIV treatment and prevention education in Singapore. Some of the latest developments in HIV prevention will also be discussed such as using treatment as prevention (TasP).
1. To have a basic understanding of public health communication on sensitive topics
2. To appreciate the need for social and behavioral interventions
3. To appreciate the social stigma and ethical issues in HIV treatment and prevention
Speaker: Assoc Prof Alex Cook
Title: Controlling dengue in Singapore
Short synopsis: Dengue is a vector borne disease that is endemic to Singapore and that has large health and economic impacts on the country. Unlike influenza or many other viruses, dengue is in a sense easier to control, because without the mosquito, there can be no transmission of the virus, and as a result, Singapore invests a lot in vector control. Despite this, the virus continues to circulate. In this class, we will look at the epidemiology of dengue in Singapore and consider what are the factors that prevent us from eliminating dengue.
At the end of the class, students should have a good understanding of the basic epidemiology of dengue, methods we are using to prevent dengue transmission, and new methods of vector control that are being developed.
|Speaker: Dr Wee Hwee Lin
Title: Antibiotic Resistance
Short synopsis: The discovery of penicillin by Alexander Fleming in 1928 ushered in the beginning of the golden era of antibiotics, a very important class of drugs that treat diseases caused by microorganisms, specifically bacteria. However, as the use of antibiotic became increasing prevalent, resistant strains of bacteria were increasingly reported. This is to say, the drugs have lost their effectiveness.
1. Provide an overview of the economic, humanistic, and environmental impact of antibiotic resistance.
2. Discuss the factors that contribute to antibiotic resistance.
3. Discuss potential strategies to minimize the rate of development of antibiotic resistance.
|Speaker: Assoc Prof Norbert Ludwig Wagner
Title: The Health of Workers – how our tastes shape the health of people globally
Short Synopsis: People have to work to sustain themselves and to create a future for their families. Work therefore shapes our life and the life of others. Through the globalization of production, trade and consumption the health of millions of people around the globe are connected and determined. We will look at working conditions in the formal and informal sector, the risks and chances work creates for a healthy life and how our own tastes and fashions shape the fate of people in other continents.
1. Name major diseases and occupational risks that contribute to the current global burden of disease through work
2. Identify examples how consumption patterns in one part of the world influence living conditions in other parts of the world and potentially contribute to health inequalities
3. Discuss social and working conditions of the informal sector of economy
|Speaker: Dr Seow Wei Jie
Title: Introduction to Environmental Health
This course will discuss various harmful environmental exposures and their health effects. Students will learn the different routes of exposure to environmental pollutants and their relevant biological mechanisms, and also how diet and socio-economic status affect susceptibility to different exposures. Students will also get an opportunity to engage in discussions on policies and interventions to mitigate environmental hazards and improve public health.
1. To learn about the types and sources of major environmental exposures.
2. To understand how the environment interacts with the human body and contributes to promoting health or causing disease.
3. To appreciate how factors such as socio-economic status and diet can modify the effects of environmental exposures.
Speaker: Dr Rick Ong Twee Hee
Title: Public Health in the Era of Genomics
Short synopsis: This seminar will provide an introduction to how the advent of genomic technology is expected to impact multiple aspects of public health and the practice of clinical medicine. This seminar will also review the development of genomics in pharmacology, infectious and chronic diseases, the integration of population cohort studies with genetics and the challenges and opportunities present in public health genomics.
1. To appreciate the different facets of public health that are impacted by the genomic revolution
2. To understand the challenges and opportunities that the genomic era presents for public health
3. To realize the importance in gearing up the healthcare agencies to understand, interpret and utilize genomic information in the formulation of public health policies.