This course examines national and international legal regulation of the secret intelligence activities of states. It ranges from historical treatment of spies under the laws of war, to national constraints of contemporary signals intelligence. National case studies will include the United States, Britain, and Singapore. Underlying theoretical questions include the appropriateness of constraints on executive power in times of crisis, and how law that must be public can and should treat activities whose nature must often be kept secret.
Students will develop a critical understanding of modern executive authority and the importance and limitations of intelligence activities in securing national and international security.