|Speaker: A/P Rob Martinus Van Dam
Title: Nutrition, obesity and cardiovascular disease
Short Synopsis: What we eat and drink can affect our health in many ways. A lack of essential nutrients (vitamins, minerals, selected fatty acids and amino acids) can lead to severe deficiency diseases and low energy or protein intake can lead to malnutrition. Excess energy intake, 'overeating', can also lead to ill health: accumulation of too much body fat can interfere with normal metabolism and contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and certain types of cancer. In terms of public health interventions, it is increasingly realized than only educational initiatives have limited impact on improving lifestyles. An approach where healthier choices become easy or even default choices by changing the food and physical activity environmental is also warranted. This lecture will be an opportunity to engage students in a discussion on novel policies and interventions to improve dietary intakes of the population and contain the future burden of chronic diseases.
1. To know about the global prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases and how economic transitions are typically accompanied by epidemiological and dietary transitions.
2. To have a basic understanding about the ways that dietary intakes can affect the development of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases
3. To reflect on determinants of dietary intakes in the populations and a diversity of intervention and policy initiatives that can improve dietary intakes and reduce the incidence of chronic diseases.
|Speaker: Dr Raymond Lim
Title: HIV prevention education in Singapore: Challenges for the future
This seminar will focus on a critical review of HIV treatment and prevention education in Singapore. Some of the latest developments in HIV prevention will also be discussed such as using treatment as prevention (TasP).
1. To have a basic understanding of public health communication on sensitive topics
2. To appreciate the need for social and behavioral interventions
3. To appreciate the social stigma and ethical issues in HIV treatment and prevention
|Speaker: Assoc Prof Mikael Hartman
Title: Breast Cancer: epidemiologic methods to understand it and its risk factors
Using breast cancer as an example, this module covers measurement of health, disease states and their risk factors in populations using routine hospital or population data and epidemiologic surveys for the prevention or early detection of disease. Principles in the design and conduct of observational epidemiologic studies and associated potential bias and confounding will be introduced. Screening for disease, in particular the principles behind this, will also be briefly covered.
1. To receive an overview of epidemiology and epidemiological methods to study breast cancer
2. To understand the risk factors associated with breast cancer and appreciate how this could change over time for different populations.
3. To be aware of screening for breast cancer, its options and limitations
Speaker: Dr Wee Hwee Lin
Title: Antibiotic Resistance
Short synopsis: The discovery of penicillin by Alexander Fleming in 1928 ushered in the beginning of the golden era of antibiotics, a very important class of drugs that treat diseases caused by microorganisms, specifically bacteria. However, as the use of antibiotic became increasing prevalent, resistant strains of bacteria were increasingly reported. This is to say, the drugs have lost their effectiveness.
1. Provide an overview of the economic, humanistic, and environmental impact of antibiotic resistance.
2. Discuss the factors that contribute to antibiotic resistance.
3. Discuss potential strategies to minimize the rate of development of antibiotic resistance.
|Speaker: Adjunct Assoc Prof Mythily Subramaniam
Title: Facts and Myths about Depression
Major depressive disorder (MDD) was the most prevalent mental health condition as established by the Singapore Mental Health Study 2010. The World Health Organization ranks major depressive disorder (MDD) as the 4th leading cause of disability worldwide and projects that by 2020 it will be the second leading cause of disability. Depression in America costs the society $210 billion per year, with a significant amount of cost resulting from reduced workplace productivity.
However, lack of understanding of its varied presentation, severity, impact on the well-being of a person and availability of accessible services for its treatment lead to its under-recognition and delayed treatment. Public attitudes towards depression remain stigmatizing and many see it as a personal weakness and not as a medical condition which adds to the treatment gap. This lecture will be an opportunity to present data on the prevalence and impact of depression in Singapore and to engage students in a discussion on reducing stigma towards mental illness and create awareness of the multiple sources of help available in Singapore.
1. To know about the prevalence and associated factors of depression in Singapore
2. To have a basic understanding about sources for help-seeking and innovative treatments available
3. To reflect on the role of stigma in treatment delay and treatment gap
|Speaker: Dr Seow Wei Jie
Title: Introduction to Environmental Health
Short Synopsis: This course will discuss various harmful environmental exposures and their health effects. Students will learn the different routes of exposure to environmental pollutants and their relevant biological mechanisms, and also how diet and socio-economic status affect susceptibility to different exposures. Students will also get an opportunity to engage in discussions on policies and interventions to mitigate environmental hazards and improve public health.
1. To learn about the types and sources of major environmental exposures.
2. To understand how the environment interacts with the human body and contributes to promoting health or causing disease.
3. To appreciate how factors such as socio-economic status and diet can modify the effects of environmental exposures.
|Speaker: Dr Miho Asano
Title: Disability, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion
We define ‘disability’ differently as it is complex and requires us to consider its many features and interactions. Over one-billion individuals worldwide are estimated to have some form of disability. Individuals with disabilities are reported to have poorer overall health, more chronic conditions, and more challenges in accessing health services compared with those without disabilities. The work of public health practitioners includes educating and facilitating individuals to make the appropriate decisions to optimize their health. The need for strategies to promote the health of individuals with disabilities is more important than ever, as the number of these individuals continues to grow. This lecture will provide students with an opportunity to engage in an activity to discuss the impact of disabilities and the available strategies to promote the health of individuals with disabilities.
1. To gain a basic understanding of disability and chronic disease: definition.
2. To learn about some of the existing strategies aimed at promoting the health of individuals with disabilities and chronic diseases
Speaker: Dr Mengling Feng
Title: Application of Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare: Potential and Risks
Artificial intelligence (AI) is the buzzword for all things related to technology these days. In particular, healthcare is a significant area where AI may be gainfully deployed to improve the performance of healthcare practitioners in delivering care. The pressure to use AI in healthcare is the result of an inevitable confluence of availability of electronic big data, exponential computing power and the burgeoning demand on the healthcare system due to ageing populations. These are early days in the development of advanced AI tools that can augment doctors to deliver more effective care and free up physician’s time from mundane or repetitive work.
The challenge for AI in healthcare is that it represents a paradigm shift in the practice of medicine that requires doctors to learn how AI recommendations are derived, before they can rely on such systems for day-to-day decision making.
This lecture will introduce the potential applications of AI in healthcare and their advantages over conventional practices. We will also investigate the potential risks while applying AI in healthcare.
1. To understand the definition of AI and how AI in healthcare is different from business analytics and conventional data analytics technologies.
2. To explain the potential applications of AI technologies in various scenarios and stages of the healthcare system.
3. To investigate the potential risks and biases for various applications of AI technologies, and to explore the possible measures to prevent or minimize such biases.